Case Summaries

Date of Sanction Case Case Number Entity Type Entity Number Period
6 July 2015

Fraudulent practice
OAI was informed that a consultant may have submitted fraudulent documents in an expression of interest. during the investigation, the consultant acknowledged to OAI that the submission of amended documents was in breach of the Integrity Principles and Guidelines and accepted the proposed sanction period of 6 months. In determining the sanction period, several mitigating factors were considered, including the consultant's cooperation and materiality of the fraud.

15-018-1507 Individual 1 6 months
30 June 2015

Fraudulent practice
In 2014, OAI received a complaint from ADB staff related to fraudulent practice during the implementation of a contract under an ADB-financed project.

OAI's investigation determined that the majority of the participants shown on the workshop attendance lists, submitted by the consulting firm delivering the training, had not attended or even heard of the workshops.

The IOC determined that the consulting firm and two of its key principals had defrauded ADB and imposed a 3-year debarment on the firm and the two individuals.

14-056-1506 Individual 2 3 years
30 June 2015

Fraudulent practice
In 2014, OAI received a complaint from ADB staff related to fraudulent practice during the implementation of a contract under an ADB-financed project.

OAI's investigation determined that the majority of the participants shown on the workshop attendance lists, submitted by the consulting firm delivering the training, had not attended or even heard of the workshops.

The IOC determined that the consulting firm and two of its key principals had defrauded ADB and imposed a 3-year debarment on the firm and the two individuals.

14-056-1506 Firm 1 3 years
30 June 2015

Fraudulent practice
During contract negotiations with an individual consultant, a resident mission staff, through their due diligence, established that the consultant had provided false information to justify a higher fee.

While the consultant did not admit fraud, the consultant apologized for submitting the false document and claimed that it had been submitted in error.

The IOC imposed a 2-year sanction.

14-014-1506 Individual 1 2 years
10 June 2015

Fraudulent practice
OAI received an allegation that a bidder submitted fraudulent end-user certificates in its bid for a service contract financed under an ADB loan. OAI confirmed that the certificates were fabricated. The bidder agreed to OAI’s proposed sanction of 3 years.

13-066-1506 Firm 1 3 years
20 May 2015

Fraudulent practice
During bid evaluation, the project management unit determined that a bidder had submitted fraudulent bank guarantees and disqualified the bidding firm.

OAI independently verified that the bank guarantees were fraudulent. The firm and its sole proprietor did not respond to OAI’s inquiries or failed to respond to the findings letter in spite of personally accepting delivery.

The IOC debarred both the firm and its proprietor, as an individual, for 3.5 years.

14-070-1505 Individual 1 3.5 years
20 May 2015

Fraudulent practice
During bid evaluation, the project management unit determined that a bidder had submitted fraudulent bank guarantees and disqualified the bidding firm.

OAI independently verified that the bank guarantees were fraudulent. The firm and its sole proprietor did not respond to OAI’s inquiries or failed to respond to the findings letter in spite of personally accepting delivery.

The IOC debarred both the firm and its proprietor, as an individual, for 3.5 years.

14-070-1505 Firm 1 3.5 years
20 May 2015

Fraudulent practice
During bid evaluation, the EA identified red flags in a firm’s bid and found that its work certificate was fraudulent. This was reported to the Resident Mission, which in turn brought it to OAI’s attention.

OAI confirmed the findings that the work certificate was false, and presented the case to the IOC, which debarred the firm and its proprietor, as an individual, for 3 years.

14-029-1505 Individual 1 3 years
20 May 2015

Fraudulent practice
During bid evaluation, the EA identified red flags in a firm’s bid and found that its work certificate was fraudulent. This was reported to the Resident Mission, which in turn brought it to OAI’s attention.

OAI confirmed the findings that the work certificate was false, and presented the case to the IOC, which debarred the firm and its proprietor, as an individual, for 3 years.

14-029-1505 Firm 1 3 years
20 May 2015

Fraudulent practice
In February 2014, OAI received information that a supplier of materials had copied technical drawings from another firm and presented them as its own in a bid for an ADB contract.

OAI received documentation from the EA, which had identified the similarities, to confirm the allegation.

The firm initially responded to an inquiry by OAI, but did not reply to OAI’s subsequent request for a response to its findings of fraudulent practice. IOC sanctioned the firm for a period of 3 years.

14-018-1505 Firm 1 3 years
7 May 2015

Collusive and fraudulent practices
In January 2014, an ADB staff reported concerns about possible bid manipulation to OAI. It was alleged that the winning bidder was able to insert a document into its bid after the bid submission date leading to misprocurement being declared. OAI’s investigations established that the inserted document had been created after the bid submission date and therefore could not have been included in the original bid.

The firm and its president accepted OAI’s proposed 3-year debarment for collusive and fraudulent practices.

14-008-1505 Individual 1 3 years
7 May 2015

Fraudulent practice
In January 2014, an ADB staff reported concerns about possible bid manipulation to OAI. It was alleged that the winning bidder was able to insert a document into its bid after the bid submission date leading to misprocurement being declared. OAI’s investigations established that the inserted document had been created after the bid submission date and therefore could not have been included in the original bid.

The firm and its president accepted OAI’s proposed 3-year debarment for collusive and fraudulent practices.

14-008-1505 Firm 1 3 years
20 Apr 2015

Fraudulent practice
Upon investigation, OAI found that one of the owners/director of a bidder, Firm A, was the Secretary to the Bid Evaluation Committee. Firm A’s other owner/director had categorically declared, as the Authorized Representative in the bid, that Firm A had no conflict of interest. OAI found that Firm A and its directors/owners had engaged in fraudulent practice by failing to disclose the conflict.

All three parties accepted OAI’s findings and proposed sanction of 1 year.

14-051-15-04 Individual 2 1 year
20 Apr 2015

Fraudulent practice
Upon investigation, OAI found that one of the owners/director of a bidder, Firm A, was the Secretary to the Bid Evaluation Committee. Firm A’s other owner/director had categorically declared, as the Authorized Representative in the bid, that Firm A had no conflict of interest. OAI found that Firm A and its directors/owners had engaged in fraudulent practice by failing to disclose the conflict.

All three parties accepted OAI’s findings and proposed sanction of 1 year.

14-051-15-04 Firm 1 1 year
13 Mar 2015

Fraudulent practice
OAI received information that a firm bidding for a TA may have submitted a consultant’s CV without the consultant’s permission. The bid was submitted via ADB’s Consultant Management System. 

The consultant confirmed to OAI that the CV was used without permission. Subsequently, the firm, through its principal officer, admitted that including the CV had been a mistake and that it had been submitted for illustrative purposes. 

OAI found the actions of the firm and its principal officer to be reckless and referred the case to the Integrity Oversight Committee (IOC). The IOC determined that the firm and the principal officer had engaged in fraudulent practice and debarred them both for 2 years. To prevent circumvention of the debarment, a firm controlled by the principal officer was also debarred for 2 years.

14-007-1503 Firm 2 2 years
13 Mar 2015

Fraudulent practice
OAI received information that a firm bidding for a TA may have submitted a consultant’s CV without the consultant’s permission. The bid was submitted via ADB’s Consultant Management System. 

The consultant confirmed to OAI that the CV was used without permission. Subsequently, the firm, through its principal officer, admitted that including the CV had been a mistake and that it had been submitted for illustrative purposes. 

OAI found the actions of the firm and its principal officer to be reckless and referred the case to the Integrity Oversight Committee (IOC). The IOC determined that the firm and the principal officer had engaged in fraudulent practice and debarred them both for 2 years. To prevent circumvention of the debarment, a firm controlled by the principal officer was also debarred for 2 years.

14-007-1503 Firm 2 2 years
13 Mar 2015

Fraudulent practice
OAI received information that a firm bidding for a TA may have submitted a consultant’s CV without the consultant’s permission. The bid was submitted via ADB’s Consultant Management System.

The consultant confirmed to OAI that the CV was used without permission. Subsequently, the firm, through its principal officer, admitted that including the CV had been a mistake and that it had been submitted for illustrative purposes.

OAI found the actions of the firm and its principal officer to be reckless and referred the case to the Integrity Oversight Committee (IOC). The IOC determined that the firm and the principal officer had engaged in fraudulent practice and debarred them both for 2 years. To prevent circumvention of the debarment, a firm controlled by the principal officer was also debarred for 2 years.

14-007-1503 Individual 1 2 years
26 Feb 2015

Fraudulent practice
OAI independently confirmed that a firm bidding for an ADB-financed contract had submitted a fraudulent bid security. The firm, through its Director, admitted to the fraud and cooperated with OAI’s investigation. 

The IOC sanctioned the firm and its Director for 2.5 years, taking into account their cooperation with OAI’s investigation.

13-051-1502

Individual

1 2.5 years
26 Feb 2015

Fraudulent practice
OAI independently confirmed that a firm bidding for an ADB-financed contract had submitted a fraudulent bid security. The firm, through its Director, admitted to the fraud and cooperated with OAI’s investigation.

The IOC sanctioned the firm and its Director for 2.5 years, taking into account their cooperation with OAI’s investigation.

13-051-1502 Firm 1 2.5 years
26 Feb 2015

Fraudulent practice
OAI independently confirmed that a firm had submitted false work certificates in its bids for ADB-financed contracts.  When asked to clarify, the firm denied participating in the two bids and claimed that some other person might have used its credentials and corporate documents.  OAI, however, found that the firm previously submitted similar false work certificates in bids it won in 2008 and 2010. When confronted with this information, the firm no longer denied and accepted responsibility. 

The IOC determined that the firm and its sole proprietor engaged in fraudulent practice by submitting false work certificates in four bids from 2008 to 2012, and debarred them for a period of 5 years. The IOC deemed as aggravating factors the duration and frequency of the integrity violation and the obstruction of investigation as the firm made false statements to OAI when it repeatedly denied participating in the 2012 bids.

13-025-1502 Individual 1 5 years
26 Feb 2015

Fraudulent practice
OAI independently confirmed that a firm had submitted false work certificates in its bids for ADB-financed contracts.  When asked to clarify, the firm denied participating in the two bids and claimed that some other person might have used its credentials and corporate documents.  OAI, however, found that the firm previously submitted similar false work certificates in bids it won in 2008 and 2010. When confronted with this information, the firm no longer denied and accepted responsibility.

The IOC determined that the firm and its sole proprietor engaged in fraudulent practice by submitting false work certificates in four bids from 2008 to 2012, and debarred them for a period of 5 years. The IOC deemed as aggravating factors the duration and frequency of the integrity violation and the obstruction of investigation as the firm made false statements to OAI when it repeatedly denied participating in the 2012 bids.

13-025-1502 Firm 1 5 years
18 Feb 2015

Fraudulent practice
OAI investigated allegations of fraud, collusion and conflict of interests committed by firms and individuals to mislead the procurement decision in an ADB-financed project. 

OAI established that the firms and individuals have systematically misrepresented information in the bid proposals and colluded in favor of one firm. The firms and individuals also failed to disclose conflicts of interest, which improperly influenced the procurement processes and contract awards.   

Considering the systematic nature and seriousness of the integrity violations, the IOC determined that the sanctions imposed on one firm and one individual should be published. 

14-002-1502 Individual 1 2 years

18 Feb 2015

Fraudulent and collusive practices, conflict of interest
OAI investigated allegations of fraud, collusion and conflict of interests committed by firms and individuals to mislead the procurement decision in an ADB-financed project.

OAI established that the firms and individuals have systematically misrepresented information in the bid proposals and colluded in favor of one firm. The firms and individuals also failed to disclose conflicts of interest, which improperly influenced the procurement processes and contract awards.

Considering the systematic nature and seriousness of the integrity violations, the IOC determined that the sanctions imposed on one firm and one individual should be published.

14-002-1502 Individual 4 3 years
18 Feb 2015

Fraudulent and collusive practices, conflict of interest
OAI investigated allegations of fraud, collusion and conflict of interests committed by firms and individuals to mislead the procurement decision in an ADB-financed project. 

OAI established that the firms and individuals have systematically misrepresented information in the bid proposals and colluded in favor of one firm. The firms and individuals also failed to disclose conflicts of interest, which improperly influenced the procurement processes and contract awards.   

Considering the systematic nature and seriousness of the integrity violations, the IOC determined that the sanctions imposed on one firm and one individual should be published. 

14-002-1502 Individual 1 4 years
18 Feb 2015

Fraudulent and collusive practices, conflict of interest
OAI investigated allegations of fraud, collusion and conflict of interests committed by firms and individuals to mislead the procurement decision in an ADB-financed project.

OAI established that the firms and individuals have systematically misrepresented information in the bid proposals and colluded in favor of one firm. The firms and individuals also failed to disclose conflicts of interest, which improperly influenced the procurement processes and contract awards.

Considering the systematic nature and seriousness of the integrity violations, the IOC determined that the sanctions imposed on one firm and one individual should be published.

14-002-1502 Individual 1 5 years
18 Feb 2015

Fraud
OAI investigated allegations of fraud, collusion and conflict of interests committed by firms and individuals to mislead the procurement decision in an ADB-financed project. 

OAI established that the firms and individuals have systematically misrepresented information in the bid proposals and colluded in favor of one firm. The firms and individuals also failed to disclose conflicts of interest, which improperly influenced the procurement processes and contract awards.   

Considering the systematic nature and seriousness of the integrity violations, the IOC determined that the sanctions imposed on one firm and one individual should be published.

14-002-1502 Firm 1 2 years
18 Feb 2015

Fraudulent and collusive practices, conflict of interest
OAI investigated allegations of fraud, collusion and conflict of interests committed by firms and individuals to mislead the procurement decision in an ADB-financed project.

OAI established that the firms and individuals have systematically misrepresented information in the bid proposals and colluded in favor of one firm. The firms and individuals also failed to disclose conflicts of interest, which improperly influenced the procurement processes and contract awards.

Considering the systematic nature and seriousness of the integrity violations, the IOC determined that the sanctions imposed on one firm and one individual should be published.

14-002-1502 Firm 1 3 years
18 Feb 2015

Fraudulent and collusive practices, conflict of interest
OAI investigated allegations of fraud, collusion and conflict of interests committed by firms and individuals to mislead the procurement decision in an ADB-financed project.

OAI established that the firms and individuals have systematically misrepresented information in the bid proposals and colluded in favor of one firm. The firms and individuals also failed to disclose conflicts of interest, which improperly influenced the procurement processes and contract awards.

Considering the systematic nature and seriousness of the integrity violations, the IOC determined that the sanctions imposed on one firm and one individual should be published.

14-002-1502 Firm 1 4 years
18 Feb 2015

Fraudulent and collusive practices, conflict of interest
OAI investigated allegations of fraud, collusion and conflict of interests committed by firms and individuals to mislead the procurement decision in an ADB-financed project.

OAI established that the firms and individuals have systematically misrepresented information in the bid proposals and colluded in favor of one firm. The firms and individuals also failed to disclose conflicts of interest, which improperly influenced the procurement processes and contract awards.

Considering the systematic nature and seriousness of the integrity violations, the IOC determined that the sanctions imposed on one firm and one individual should be published.

14-002-1502 Firm 1 5 years
5 Feb 2015

Fraudulent practice
OAI received an allegation that a bidder submitted a fraudulent work experience certificate in its bid for a service contract financed under an ADB loan.  OAI confirmed that the certificate was fabricated and the bidder admitted to the fraud, by misrepresenting the certificate in its bid.  OAI sanctioned the firm for 2 years, which took into account the firm's cooperation with OAI's inquiries.

14-069-1502 Firm 1 2 years
29 Jan 2015

Fraudulent practice
OAI received a complaint regarding potential fraud in the procurement of computer and office equipment, given that the three quotations received were significantly above market rates.

Upon investigation, OAI determined that the winning firm, a sole proprietorship, had engaged in fraudulent practice by fabricating the other two quotes. The proprietor also engaged in obstructive practice by provided OAI with false and misleading documentation relating to the fraudulent bid submission.

The IOC sanctioned the firm and its sole proprietor for 4 years.

14-038-1501 Individual 1 4 years
29 Jan 2015

Fraudulent practice
OAI received a complaint regarding potential fraud in the procurement of computer and office equipment, given that the three quotations received were significantly above market rates.

Upon investigation, OAI determined that the winning firm, a sole proprietorship, had engaged in fraudulent practice by fabricating the other two quotes. The proprietor also engaged in obstructive practice by provided OAI with false and misleading documentation relating to the fraudulent bid submission.

The IOC sanctioned the firm and its sole proprietor for 4 years.

14-038-1501 Firm 1 4 years
6 Jan 2015

Sanction violation while cross debarred
OAI determined that a firm and its authorized representative committed a sanction violation when the firm submitted a bid for an ADB project, while the firm was still was cross debarred. The World Bank had sanctioned the firm and it was cross-debarred by ADB for a three year period.

The firm and individual admitted to OAI that the firm submitted a bid during the cross-debarment period. The firm explained to OAI that it did not receive a notice of cross debarment from ADB, and that it has undertaken steps to strengthen its internal controls to prevent violations from recurring. The individual accepted OAI's proposed sanction of 3 years. For the firm, OAI took into consideration the mitigating circumstances above and proposed a sanction of 1 year, which the firm accepted.

14-052-1501 Individual 1 3 years
6 Jan 2015

Sanction violation while cross debarred
OAI determined that a firm and its authorized representative committed a sanction violation when the firm submitted a bid for an ADB project, while the firm was still was cross debarred. The World Bank had sanctioned the firm and it was cross-debarred by ADB for a three year period.

The firm and individual admitted to OAI that the firm submitted a bid during the cross-debarment period. The firm explained to OAI that it did not receive a notice of cross debarment from ADB, and that it has undertaken steps to strengthen its internal controls to prevent violations from recurring. The individual accepted OAI's proposed sanction of 3 years. For the firm, OAI took into consideration the mitigating circumstances above and proposed a sanction of 1 year, which the firm accepted.

14-052-1501 Firm 1 1 year