ADB defines integrity violations as any acts which violates ADB's Anticorruption Policy, including:
- Corrupt practice: the offering, giving, receiving, or soliciting, directly or indirectly, anything of value to influence improperly the actions of another party (e.g. bribery, kickbacks, extortion, bid manipulation).
- Fraudulent practice: any action or omission, including a misrepresentation, that knowingly or recklessly misleads, or attempts to mislead, a party to obtain a financial or other benefit or to avoid an obligation (e.g. fraudulent claims like consultant timesheet, airfare, receipts/invoices; using lower rate personnel to perform work at higher rates; providing lower quality goods; false documents like curriculum vitae, bid security/bank guarantees, work certificates, financial statements, fictitious bids/”borrowing” names of firms; misrepresentation of education background or full-time employment status).
- Coercive practice: impairing or harming, or threatening to impair or harm, directly or indirectly, any party or the property of the party to influence improperly the actions of a party.
- Collusive practice: an arrangement between two or more parties designed to achieve an improper purpose, including influencing improperly the actions of another party (e.g. leaking of bid information, rigged specifications).
- Abuse: theft, waste or improper use of assets related to ADB-related activity, either committed intentionally or through reckless disregard.
- Conflict of interest: any situation in which a party has interests that could improperly influence a party's performance of official duties or responsibilities, contractual obligations, or compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
- Obstructive practice:
- deliberately destroying, falsifying, altering or concealing of evidence material to an ADB investigation;
- making false statements to investigators in order to materially impede an ADB investigation;
- threatening, harassing or intimidating any party to prevent it from disclosing its knowledge of matters relevant to the investigation or from pursuing the investigation, or
- materially impeding ADB’s contractual rights of audit or access to information.
- Violations of ADB sanctions
- Other violations of ADB's Anticorruption Policy, including failure to adhere to the highest ethical standards.
- Retaliation against whistleblowers or witnesses, which is any detrimental act, direct or indirect, recommended, threatened or taken against a whistleblower or witness or person associated with a whistleblower or witness in a manner material to a complaint because of the report or cooperation with an ADB investigation by the whistleblower or witness, which shall be investigated in accordance with Administrative Order (AO) 2.10.
These definitions are harmonized with those of other international financial institutions.
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