Country Safeguard Systems

ADB helps developing member countries (DMCs) strengthen their safeguard systems and develop their capacity to address environmental and social issues in development projects.

Country safeguard systems (CSS) refer to the laws, regulations, rules, and procedures on the policy areas of environment, involuntary resettlement, and indigenous peoples safeguards, and their implementing institutions.

Since the approval of the Safeguard Policy Statement (SPS) in 2009, ADB has been providing technical assistance to help strengthen the legal and institutional framework to efficiently employ  safeguard systems.

Strengthening country safeguard systems

ADB has provided technical assistance (TA) amounting to $36.385 million toward strengthening and effectively implementing CSS since SPS was approved in 2009.

Workshops and conferences


The Country Safeguard Systems Regional Workshop: Towards Common Approaches and Better Results was held on 18 and 19 April 2012 to share knowledge and experiences and to promote common approaches and partnerships to strengthen CSS in addressing environmental and social issues. It was attended by representatives from 15 DMCs, 9 bilateral and multilateral agencies, civil society, and the private sector.

Following its success, the Second Regional Workshop on Strengthening Country Safeguard Systems was organized on 7-9 October 2014. Centered on ‘convergence and alignment,’ the workshop endeavored to further strengthen CSS with the ultimate goal of attaining international best practices. The workshop gathered key partners from government and private sector in the DMCs, international financial institutions, and civil society organizations. About 100 safeguard and relevant professionals shared their experiences on CSS while experts in the field shed light on latest CSS developments and explored ideas in overcoming challenges on convergence and alignment.

Previously, the Regional Workshop on Environmental Impact Assessment in Asia: Good Practices and Capacity Needs was held on 9-10 June 2010 to provide a comprehensive overview of the current status of EIA policy and practice internationally and within the region. The workshop was attended by senior environmental agency officials and technical experts from 20 countries across Asia and the Pacific, international EIA experts, and representatives from MDBs and bilateral agencies.

TA 7566: Strengthening and Use of Country Safeguard Systems


This technical assistance supports activities that help align country safeguard systems with international good practices through a series of country-driven subprojects. Approved subprojects include:

TA 7566 builds on the work of TA 6285: Strengthening Country Safeguard Systems (2005-2010) which developed and tested an approach and methodology for reviewing country safeguard systems.

As of 21 September 2015