Safeguard Categories

ADB screens all proposed projects to determine their potential environmental and social impacts.

 

Environment

Proposed projects are screened according to type, location, scale, and sensitivity and the magnitude of their potential environmental impacts, including direct, indirect, induced, and cumulative impacts.

Projects are classified into the following four categories:

Category A.  A proposed project is likely to have significant adverse environmental impacts that are irreversible, diverse, or unprecedented. These impacts may affect an area larger than the sites or facilities subject to physical works. An environmental impact assessment (EIA), including an environmental management plan (EMP), is required.

Category B.  The proposed project’s potential adverse environmental impacts are site-specific, few if any of them are irreversible, and in most cases mitigation measures can be designed more readily than for category A projects. An initial environmental examination (IEE), including an EMP, is required.

Category C.  A proposed project is likely to have minimal or no adverse environmental impacts. An EIA or IEE is not required, although environmental implications need to be reviewed.

Category FI.  A proposed project involves the investment of ADB funds to or through a financial intermediary. The financial intermediary must apply and maintain an environmental and social management system, unless all of the financial intermediary's business activities have minimal or no environmental impacts or risks.

Involuntary Resettlement

The involuntary resettlement impacts of an ADB-supported project are considered significant if 200 or more persons will be physically displaced from home or lose 10% or more of their productive or income-generating assets.

For those involving involuntary resettlement, a resettlement plan is prepared that is commensurate with the extent and degree of the impacts: the scope of physical and economic displacement and the vulnerability of the affected persons.

Projects are classified into the following four categories:

Category A.  A proposed project is likely to have significant involuntary resettlement impacts. A resettlement plan, which includes assessment of social impacts, is required.

Category B.  A proposed project includes involuntary resettlement impacts that are not deemed significant. A resettlement plan, which includes assessment of social impacts, is required.

Category C.  A proposed project has no involuntary resettlement impacts. No further action is required.

Category FI.  A proposed project involves the investment of ADB funds to or through a financial intermediary. The financial intermediary must apply and maintain an environmental and social management system, unless all of the financial intermediary's business activities are unlikely to generate involuntary impacts.

Indigenous Peoples

The impacts of an ADB-supported project on indigenous peoples is determined by assessing

  • the magnitude of impact in terms of
    • customary rights of use and access to land and natural resources;
    • socioeconomic status;
    • cultural and communal integrity;
    • health, education, livelihood, and social security status; and
    • the recognition of indigenous knowledge; and
  • the level of vulnerability of the affected Indigenous Peoples community.

Projects are classified into the following four categories:

Category A.  A proposed project is likely to have significant impacts on indigenous peoples. An indigenous peoples plan (IPP), including assessment of social impacts, is required.

Category B.  A proposed project is likely to have limited impacts on indigenous peoples. An IPP, including assessment of social impacts, is required.

Category C.  A proposed project is not expected to have impacts on indigenous peoples. No further action is required.

Category FI.  A proposed project involves the investment of ADB funds to or through a financial intermediary. The financial intermediary must apply and maintain an environmental and social management system, unless all of the financial intermediary's business activities unlikely to have impacts on indigenous peoples.