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India: Tsunami Emergency Assistance (Sector) Project - 2011
Following the tsunami in December 2004, over 12,000 people lost their lives in the coastal regions of Tamil Nadu and Kerala states while others lost homes, livelihoods, and/or access to public infrastructure for clean water supply and electricity. The Government of India, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the United Nations Development Programme, and the World Bank undertook a joint assessment mission to estimate damage, losses, and rehabilitation and reconstruction needs in Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Pondicherry, and Tamil Nadu. Following this consultation, ADB was requested to support restoration of livelihood, and rehabilitation and reconstruction of transport and rural and municipal infrastructure in Tamil Nadu and Kerala.
Development Aims and Impacts:
- Rehabilitation and restoration of livelihoods destroyed by the tsunami of December 2004.
- Rebuilding infrastructure: roads; bridges; water supply, drainage, and sanitation; ports and harbors; fishing centers; and buildings.
- Active participation of women as both implementers and beneficiaries.
- Capacity building and financial assistance for undertaking new livelihood options.
ADB Processes and Management Tools:
- Restoration of livelihood components addressed a high proportion of women project beneficiaries due to their great vulnerability to poverty both prior to and following tsunami.
- No gender action plan formally provided in project design, but leadership from the executing agency meant they acknowledged the need to ensure benefits for women, particularly from livelihood restoration components.
This case study is part of an ADB publication titled Gender Mainstreaming Case Studies: India that provide an overview of gender issues in selected sectors of developing member countries.