India: Urban Water Supply and Environmental Improvement in Madhya Pradesh Project (UDAY) - 2011


The Urban Water Supply and Environmental Improvement in Madhya Pradesh—“Project UDAY”—has sought to address the problems of inadequate urban infrastructure and degradation of the environment in four cities of Madhya Pradesh, one of the poorest states in India, namely Bhopal, Gwalior, Indore, and Jabalpur. Its purpose is to provide basic services of water supply, sanitation, and garbage collection and disposal in these cities. Indirectly, it seeks to promote better living conditions for its citizens—including the enhancement of sustainable economic growth, with a view to reducing the vulnerability of people to environmental degradation, poverty, and natural hazards—and to improve economic opportunities.

Three broad outputs were identified: (i) urban water supply and environmental improvement; (ii) a public participation and awareness program, including the enhancement of community-based inputs for environmental management, capacity building, and training and livelihoods; and (iii) project implementation assistance via support to the state project management unit (PMU) and city project implementation units (PIUs) for relevant activities.2 With respect to assessing interventions relevant to the mainstreaming of gender concerns, the self-help groups."

Key points

Development Aims and Impacts:

  • Poor women will benefit from improved access to water and environmental management as well as employment opportunities envisaged by the Area Improvement Fund and Community Initiatives Fund.
  • Women will participate in municipal management and project implementation as both beneficiaries and agents of change, which can lead to empowerment.

ADB Processes and Management Tools:

  • A gender action plan sets out activities, responsibilities, and indicators for the implementation stages, providing an important management and monitoring tool.
  • Setting specific targets for women’s participation in project activities and management provides a useful focus for action to include gender dimensions and sustaining project outcomes.
  • Creating awareness via community group committees has proved helpful in generating practical ideas for involving women in the project.

This case study is part of an ADB publication titled Gender Mainstreaming Case Studies: India that provide an overview of gender issues in selected sectors of developing member countries.