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Think20 (T20)

In the Spotlight

Learn about ADBI’s policy innovation and leadership in the T20—The research and policy advice network for the G20

In 2019, the T20 is convening in Japan under its G20 presidency. Together, the world’s leading think tanks will generate innovative policy recommendations to help G20 Leaders address pressing global challenges and deliver more inclusive, sustainable growth for all.

ADBI T20 2020 Policy Briefs

This policy brief describes four proposals based on demographic stages to ensure fiscal sustainability and social cohesion. First, it discusses ways to raise productivity through human capital investment and enhanced labor participation achieved by increasing female participation, extending the retirement age, and implementing migration policies. Second, it calls for strengthening fiscal frameworks with tax reforms and thorough public spending review. Third, it urges the reform of public pension and healthcare schemes to address the negative impacts on fiscal sustainability and workers’ welfare after retirement. Fourth, it recommends investment in formal and technical education to equip future generations with the skills required in future job markets.

T20 2020 Task Force 9: Migration and Young Societies

Project Team:

  • Chul Ju Kim, Deputy Dean, ADBI
  • Pitchaya Sirivunnabood, Capacity Building and Training Economist, ADBI
  • Yong Jun Baek, Research Associate, ADBI
  • Karen Young, Resident Scholar, American Enterprise Institute (AEI)
  • Cian Mulligan, Senior Research Associate, KAPSARC
  • Sara Lechtenberg-Kasten, Research Fellow, KAPSARC

Contact: Pitchaya Sirivunnabood ([email protected])and Yong Jun Baek ([email protected])


The development of financial technology (fintech) products and services creates greater opportunities for financial inclusion but requires more knowledge on the part of consumers to understand their costs, risks and benefits. The key challenge is that there are significant digital financial literacy gaps between men and women, urban and rural residents, and small and large firms, among others. This policy brief examines these issues and digital financial literacy education strategies that could narrow these gaps.

T20 2020 Task Force 6: Economy, Employment, and Education in the Digital Age

Project Team:

Contact: Peter J. Morgan ([email protected])

Photo Gallery

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ADBI T20 2019 Policy Briefs

African countries still face various development challenges such as fiscal and debt management, agricultural development, and the problem of food security, as well as the need to strengthen the competitiveness of industries.

PB # Title of Policy Brief
1 Fiscal and Debt Sustainability in Africa
2 G20 Compact with Africa
3 Industrial Development and ICT in Africa: Opportunities, Challenges and Way Forward
4 Linking Smallholder Production with Value-added Food Markets
5 Sustainable Prevention of Food Crises in Sub-Saharan Africa
6 Tax Challenges of Digitalization in Africa

Task Force 6 deals with the unprecedented crisis in multilateralism at the global level, disruption of social cohesion at the domestic level, how nations could address these issues, and what the future of politics should look like.

PB # Title of Policy Brief
1 Promoting Unity of Corporate Governance with Global Governance and Social Governance: Demanding Commitment from Corporate Businesses on Sustaining Stable Social Foundation
2 Toward Global Paradigm Change: Beyond the Crisis of the Liberal World Order
3 Bringing the Public’s Voice into Debates about the Future of Politics
4 Maintaining Social Cohesion through Democratic Liberalism
5 Improving Future Ocean Governance – Governance of Global Goods in an Age of Global Shifts
6 Regional Trade Blocs as Supporting Structures in Global Governance
7 Technology Can Help To Right Technology`s Social Wrongs: Elements For a New Social Compact For Digitalisation
8 The Urban-Rural Divide and Regionally Inclusive Growth in the Digital Age
9 Decoupling and Social Arrest: The Way Forward
10 Civil Society and the G20: Towards a Review of Regulatory Models and Approaches
11 Multilateralism with Multiple Layers and Strengthening the Base of National Capacity
12 Rules-based Global Governance at Risk: Challenges of US Unilateralism and US-China Superpower Competition
13 The G20 in Face of Politicization: Avoiding or Embracing Contestation?
14 The Digital Freedom Pass: Emancipation from Digital Slavery
15 Improving Immigrants’ Integration in Host Countries