This session provided a diverse mix of panelists, which included a member of the ADB Board of Directors, ADB accountability mechanism heads, an NGO leader, a director general from operations, and a head of compliance, effectiveness, and integrity unit of another multilateral development bank (MDB).
From varying perspectives, the speakers underscored the importance of transparency and stakeholder engagement in ADB operations, knowledge sharing and consensus-building, and continuous effort towards poverty alleviation and sustainable development. Helmut Fischer, chair of ADB's Board Compliance Review Committee, highlighted the primacy of transparency in forging trust and fostering engagement among ADB’s partners in development work. Dingding Tang, chair of the Compliance Review Panel, mentioned good practices in compliance review that support transparency and stakeholder engagement. He introduced the ADB guidebooks on compliance review, to be released as digital publications, which were developed to respond to stakeholders’ clamor for information about the compliance review function and provide information for them to meaningfully and effectively engage in a compliance review, if needed. Warren Evans, ADB special project facilitator, explained the primacy of transparency and stakeholder engagement in problem solving.
Rayyan Hassan, executive director of NGO Forum on ADB, articulated that transparency and stakeholder engagement if coupled with structural independence and integrity of the complaints mechanism will shorten the journey from complaint to remedy for project-affected persons. Amy Leung, director general of the East Asia Department, shared lessons learned from experience on the ground. She focused on ADB’s commitment to implementing its safeguard policy and the need to support ADB’s developing member countries to ensure that they can implement projects effectively while safeguarding project affected people and their environment. Lastly, Hamid Sharif, director general of the Compliance, Effectiveness and Integrity Unit of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) said that AIIB benefits from the experience of other MDBs and this certainly creates higher expectations on AIIB when it comes to transparency and stakeholder engagement.
Warren Evans' function focuses on participatory problem-solving for grievances caused by ADB-assisted projects, and serves as a fair, trusted, and independent resource. He has over 33 years of professional practice, specializing in environment, climate investment policy, and strategy development. He has worked at ADB for over 15 years, where he developed and implemented a safeguard compliance system. Before this, he spent 10 years at the World Bank, where he initiated several natural resource management and biodiversity conservation initiatives, and provided advisory support to other international organizations.
Mr. Fischer joined ADB in July 2017. He has more than two decades of professional experience as civil servant working with the German Ministry for Economic Co-operation and Development (BMZ). Prior to his assignment to ADB, he was head of BMZ’s division for sustainability standards. Furthermore, he gained comprehensive expertise in development cooperation both with the private sector and with a number of ADB’s regional member countries. He spent more than three years in Afghanistan as counselor for development cooperation.
Rayyan Hassan is a Bangladeshi national and the current executive director of the NGO Forum on ADB. The NGO Forum on ADB comprises over 250 civil society groups that include grassroots organizations, social movements, and affected communities across Asia which monitor programs and policies of the ADB and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB). Mr. Hassan continues to advocate civil society concerns to the ADB and AIIB and their major shareholders, as he forges new alliances and campaigns with civil society groups across the world. His work in the Forum continues to advocate for environmental and social justice in the debate for responsible development financing in infrastructure across Asia.
Amy S.P. Leung
As director general of EARD, Amy Leung leads the planning, implementation, and supervision of EARD's results-based work plan in support of ADB's overall goals. Concurrently, as director general of SDCC she provides leadership in strengthening SDCC's linkage with the operations departments and management of the Sector and Thematic Group work plans. She holds a master of business administration from the University of Singapore, a master of science from the University of Toronto, and a bachelor’s degree from the University of Hong Kong.
Hamid Sharif has more than 23 years of experience in international development with extensive experience across major sectors in developing Asia. He has experience in sovereign and nonsovereign lending. He has worked on governance areas including law and justice, accountability of international organizations, and countering corruption in procurement. Prior to joining AIIB, Mr. Sharif served in various capacities in ADB including as assistant general counsel, head of procurement, and country cirector of the People's Republic of China. He is a UK qualified barrister.
Dingding Tang is a national of the People's Republic of China (PRC). He has a master's degree in business economics from the University of Asia and the Pacific, and a bachelor's degree in water supply and sewage treatment from Harbin Industry University. Prior to his appointment as chair of the Compliance Review Panel, he was director general of the Department of International Cooperation, Ministry of Environment Protection in the PRC, where he was responsible as a national focal point for developing cooperation programs with international finance institutions. He specializes in environmental protection, specifically in implementing environmental safeguards, and conducting assessment and investigation.
Mr. Munawar Alam has 38 years of experience in India and abroad, of which 24 years are with ADB. He has vast experience in implementation of projects in ADB headquarters and three resident missions. He has administered projects, overseen safeguards compliances, dealt with many civil societies, and implemented the resettlement plans. He is national of India with a master’s degree in environmental and sanitary engineering from UNESCO-Water Institute, the Netherlands, and a bachelor of technology degree in civil engineering from IIT-Varanasi, India.
- Office of the Compliance Review Panel
- Strengthening Policy Compliance Awareness for Good Governance and Development Effectiveness
- Improving Lives Through the Accountability Mechanism: ADB Accountability Mechanism Annual Report 2016
- 2016 Learning Report on the Implementation of the Accountability Mechanism Policy
- An OCRP Case Study: A Primer on the Office of the Compliance Review Panel
- Accountability Mechanism Brochure
- Accountability Mechanism: Summary
- OSPF Problem Solving Primer
- OSPF Problem Solving Guidebook