fbpx Ali, Ifzal | Asian Development Bank

Ifzal Ali

Economic Research and Regional Cooperation Department (ERCD)

  • 01 Jun 1990 | Papers and Briefs | Economic Staff Papers

    Designing Strategies and Policies for Managing Structural Change in Asia

    The core of the development process consists of the structural transformation of economies from rural to urban, from agriculture to industry to services, from production for household consumption to production for markets and from largely domestic trade to a higher ratio of foreign trade. The development process is influenced on the one hand by objectives and constraints and on the other by strategies and policies. This paper deals with the subject of designing strategies and policies for managing structural change in Asia.

  • 01 Apr 1990 | Papers and Briefs | EDRC Reports

    Public Investment Criteria: Financial and Economic Internal Rates of Return

    Profits are an essential signaling mechanism for guiding investment decisions. However, private or financial profitability, while important in investment decisions by firms, may not be a good signaling mechanism from the viewpoint of the contributions of a project to the national economy. It is good only if expenditures closely measures economic costs and receipts closely measure economic benefits. The essence of economic benefits and actual expenditures may not equal economic benefits and actual expenditures may not equal economic costs.

  • 01 Feb 1990 | Papers and Briefs | EDRC Reports

    Foreign Exchange and Fiscal Impact of a Project: A Methodological Framework for Estimation

    An issue of considerable concern in some Asian developing countries is the steady erosion of public sector resources available for development. While the burden of debt from domestic and external borrowing has grown, the income that has accrued from investments financed by these borrowings, have been small and in some cases negative. In addition, the recurrent expenditure resulting from past investments has continued to mount. The net result has been that internally generated resources available for development are steadily declining.

  • 01 Jan 1990 | Papers and Briefs | EDRC Reports

    An Approach to Estimating the Poverty Alleviation Impact of an Agricultural Project

    The paper explores an approach where economic analysis undertaken on an efficiency basis is extended to indicate a project's poverty alleviation impact. It indicates how information already available can be used and what additional information will need to be collected at the project feasibility stage to make an assessment possible. The limited purpose of the paper is to highlight an approach for estimating the poverty alleviation impact of an agricultural project whose ex-ante economic analysis is undertaken on an efficiency basis.

  • 01 Nov 1989 | Papers and Briefs | EDRC Reports

    Growth Perspective and Challenges for Asia: Areas for Policy Review and Research

    The performance of the Asian developing countries (ADCs) during the 1980s has been spectacular with GDP growth rates rose to 8.1 and 8.9 per cent, respectively. Within the ADCs, growth rates have varied widely. Both external and internal or domestic factors have contributed to the high growth rates and variations among countries. The external factors have included relatively high industrialized country growth rates, impact of currency realignments and the ballooning U.S. trade deficit.

  • 01 Nov 1989 | Papers and Briefs | EDRC Reports

    A Review of the Economic Analysis of Power Projects in Asia and Identification of Areas of Improvement

    Power projects constitute a significant proportion of total investment in the Asian developing countries (ADCs). Electricity is a crucial intermediate input in most activities and with growth accelerating in the ADCs, demand for electricity is likely to increase significantly. Power projects being highly capital intensive, the investment required to meet the growing demand for power and energy will account for a very substantial share of total investment. This investment will have to be carefully planned so that maximum benefits are obtained.

  • 30 Nov 1986 | Papers and Briefs

    Public Investment Criteria: Economic Internal Rate of Return and Equalizing Discount Rate

    Economic analysis of a project determines whether the project is consistent with the overall national and sectoral objectives and whether the investment proposed represents the best means of achieving the intended objectives.