Innovation, firm strategy, and government support are important for firms to adapt successfully to COVID-19.
The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the income of all households, regardless of their economic status.
Female household heads are more inclined to adopt cleaner sources of residential heating.
Spanning from the People’s Republic of China through Central Asian countries along the Caspian Sea to Europe, the Trans-Caspian Corridor is an increasingly important channel for transportation and cross-border trade.
Crude oil shocks stimulate the private sector to issue green bonds.
Some green bond policies are effective in promoting the issuance of green bonds in the private sector in Asia.
Infrastructure has a significant impact on firm performance in the CAREC member countries.
Regions with higher coal prices prefer cleaner heating, while regions with higher electricity prices prefer solid fuels.
Feed-in-tariffs have the greatest overall effect in Asia on driving private investment in renewable energy.
The development of infrastructure and increased affordability of cleaner types of fuel are important factors for the transition to clean energy.