A more restrictive abatement policy hurts economic welfare more in the short term while boosting economic welfare in the long term.
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita in low- and middle-income Asian nations result in the positive prevalence of lung and respiratory diseases.
The high penetration of electric mobility in the ASEAN countries can decrease the level of final energy consumption compared with the case of no electric mobility.
An import-driven energy policy is not sustainable for Pakistan, making it energy insecure in the long term.
Green finance, or the issuance of green bonds, has gained strong momentum around the world.
Examining the role of governance and vulnerability to climate change in green growth using a global panel data set, findings suggest promoting good governance and reducing climate change vulnerability can contribute to a cleaner environment.
Relying on fewer energy resources, especially fossil fuels, will enhance energy insecurity for resource-poor economies.
The multi-faceted characteristics of energy security range from its inherent economic value to its strategic and geopolitical importance.