The Selection of Trade Integration Indicators: Intraregional Share, Intensity, Homogeneous Intensity, and Introversion Index
This paper attempts to provide a clear and comprehensive picture of trade integration in Asia, using a trade linkage diagram.
Constructing a Bias-Free Trade Governance Indicator: Revealing the Biases of Existing Survey Indicators
Trade Governance Indicator (TGI) has the potential to improve economic analysis of trade and beyond. By avoiding the endogeneity problem, the true impact of governance on trade can be assessed using TGI.
Trans-Pacific Partnership versus Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership: Control of Membership and Agenda Setting
This paper argues that the formation of regional integration frameworks can be best understood as a dominant state’s attempt to create a preferred regional framework in which it can exercise exclusive influence.
World Trade Organization Agreement on Trade Facilitation: Assessing the Level of Ambition and Likely Impacts
The Agreement on Trade Facilitation (ATF) was agreed at the Ninth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) held in Bali in December 2013. This paper assesses the level of ambition and likely impacts of ATF.
Study of Non-Notified Trade Agreements to the World Trade Organization: The Case of Asia and the Pacific Region
This paper attempts to reveal regional trade agreements upon which the World Trade Organization fails to shed the light of the transparency exercise.
The Investment Version of the Asian Noodle Bowl: The Proliferation of International Investment Agreements
This paper aims to provide a detailed reading of recent advances in Asian investment rule-making and a finer appreciation of how rules in Asian IIAs have evolved in response to stimuli.
On the Use of FTAs: A Review of Research Methodologies
This article reviews existing studies on the issue and attempts to identify the relevant methodologies for assessing the use of free trade agreements.
Cross-Regional Comparison of Trade Integration: The Case of Services
This paper examines the level of services trade integration in Asia in comparison with Europe and North America.
Critical Review of East Asia - South America Trade
The paper examines whether trade between East Asia and South America is a general phenomenon or a country-specific/commodity-specific issue, and whether increased trade is due to diversification and/or price/quantity effects.
Japan's Education Services Imports: Branch Campus or Subsidiary Campus?
On one hand, trade in tertiary education is highly regulated; on the other hand, it is a considerably liberalized area of services. This is especially true in the case of Mode 3 of international services trade, namely oversea campuses. In the case of Japan, foreign universities are/were free to open campuses in Japan to supply tertiary education services, but those were regarded informal education that was not recognized by the Japanese government until 2004.