Access to piped water increases the probability that rural households in Kazakhstan and the Kyrgyz Republic will adopt modern sanitation and washing facilities.
This working paper analyzes the impact of infrastructure and trade facilitation on imports and exports in five Central Asian countries and outlines how improving hard and soft infrastructure would help boost regional trade and integration.
Information and communication technology has supported and accelerated the growth of the global economy in unprecedented ways.
Night-time light intensity data are useful for understanding economic dynamics not only at the country level but also by regions within a country.
Innovation, firm strategy, and government support are important for firms to adapt successfully to COVID-19.
Female household heads are more inclined to adopt cleaner sources of residential heating.
Infrastructure has a significant impact on firm performance in the CAREC member countries.
Regions with higher coal prices prefer cleaner heating, while regions with higher electricity prices prefer solid fuels.
The development of infrastructure and increased affordability of cleaner types of fuel are important factors for the transition to clean energy.
The quality and quantity of infrastructure in Central Asia have a positive impact on trade flows.