This brief examines the virtual learning modalities and experiences of disadvantaged primary school students in Bangladesh following school closures due to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.
ADB in 2017 estimated a financing gap in economic infrastructure of $459 billion per year for Asia. The gap almost doubles to $907 billion with the expected need for funding of social infrastructure.
Returns to infrastructure investment in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) have been declining; policy makers need to adjust investment decisions.
Findings suggest that technological change in global value chains that is biased toward skilled activities is important in accounting for the trends observed.
Surging high-speed railroad investments may encourage the formation of megacities due to further agglomeration in service industries. This can have profound implications for urban policies on society, demographics, and environment.