Energy productivity is to a large extent driven by technological change but offset by economic structural change.
Examining the heat market as a system helps to identify opportunities and challenges for investments in energy efficiency.
ASEAN must realize and harness the benefits of energy efficiency and optimize its use for the regional and national energy sectors.
Energy efficiency measures in streetlights can be immediately implemented without conducting detailed and expensive energy audits.
Green bonds hold vast potential as a financing mechanism for green buildings in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations.
Energy service company-based models could accelerate capital mobilization toward energy-efficiency projects.
Well-designed voluntary agreements on energy efficiency are essential in raising awareness in companies and engaging them with multiple energy efficiency benefits.
Green bonds have been attracting increasing interest as an alternative source to finance low-carbon investments.
ASEAN must consider energy efficiency improvement as a strategic approach to enhancing energy productivity.