Sungsup Ra

Director, Human and Social Development Division
South Asia Department (SARD)


  • | Papers and Briefs | South Asia Working Papers

    Public–Private Partnership for Strengthening Urban Health in Nagpur: The Model Urban Primary Health Center Project

    This paper presents an innovative public–private partnership to revive the urban primary health center (UPHC) system of Nagpur City in Maharashtra State, India.

  • | Papers and Briefs | South Asia Working Papers

    Addressing Nutrition Security in Urban India through Multisectoral Action

    This paper provides available evidence-based data on urban nutrition in India and explores practical multisectoral interventions that can contribute to ADB's support for the implementation of the country's National Urban Health Mission.

  • | Papers and Briefs | South Asia Working Papers

    Tuberculosis Control Measures in Urban India: Strengthening Delivery of Comprehensive Primary Health Services

    This paper analyzes the magnitude of tuberculosis (TB) transmission and the quality of interventions in India’s urban areas and migrant populations. This paper offers actionable recommendations for TB elimination in India by 2025.

  • | Reports

    Developing National Student Assessment Systems for Quality Education: Lessons from the Republic of Korea

    This study highlights key lessons from student assessment in the Republic of Korea and discusses the assessment system’s role in the country’s progress in education.

  • | Papers and Briefs | South Asia Working Papers

    Closing the Financing Gap in Asian Infrastructure

    ADB in 2017 estimated a financing gap in economic infrastructure of $459 billion per year for Asia. The gap almost doubles to $907 billion with the expected need for funding of social infrastructure.

  • | Reports

    Challenges and Opportunities for Skills Development in Asia: Changing Supply, Demand, and Mismatches

    Evidence suggests that skills mismatch will likely worsen if Asia continues to rely on the old model of skills supply that aided its economic and technological “catch-up” in recent decades.

  • | Papers and Briefs | ERD Technical Notes

    Debt Management Analysis of Nepal's Public Debt

    This paper estimates an optimal target portfolio of sovereign debt for Nepal that minimizes long-term financing cost. In the analysis, a practical framework is applied, which is built upon the traditional mean-variance efficient frontier approach and simultaneously employs a relatively new concept of cost-at-risk (CaR). The framework is flexible enough to incorporate other factors such as liquidity risk. Simulation results show that the Nepali economy needs to increase longer-term domestic borrowing instruments, and that the maturity structure of domestic bonds should be simplified.

  • | Papers and Briefs | NRM Working Papers

    Nepal Macroeconometric Model

    The NRM Working Paper Series draws on ongoing and recently completed research and policy studies undertaken by NRM and its policy analysis network. The papers represent rudimentary work meant to stimulate discussion and elicit feedback. Papers published under this series could subsequently be revised based on feedback of commentators and published as articles in professional journals or chapters in books.