Using Viet Nam’s household survey data, this paper has developed a new measure of human capital that takes account of the different levels of education that people possess while accounting for their productivity.
This paper defines and measures equity of opportunity through the theoretical framework of the social opportunity function. These measures are used to analyze changes in the opportunities in education and health care in the Philippines.
This paper uses a welfare-based approach to aggregate per capita growth rates, which is robust with respect to exchange rates and generates weights that always add up to unity, thus avoiding the anomalies inherent in the conventional approach.
To close significant income and nonincome development gaps around the world, governments must go beyond policies that simply increase economic growth. They have to include policies that close nonincome development gaps directly.
This study introduces a methodology to explain equity in terms of between- and within-group equity and applies it to the Philippines using Demographic and Health Surveys and Annual Poverty Indicator Surveys.