Determinants of Urbanization
Taking advantage of the latest UN World Urbanization Prospects, this paper uses an instrumental variables approach to identify and analyze key urbanization determinants.
A ZEN Approach to Post-2015: Addressing the Range of Perspectives Across Asia and the Pacific
The paper aims to present the key challenges being faced by the Asia and Pacific region as a number of its developing economies graduate from a low-income status to middle-income status.
Between-Country Disparities in MDGs: The Asia and Pacific Region
This paper represents an early attempt to study cross-country disparities in 25 Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), with a special emphasis on health-related MDGs.
Poverty in Asia and the Pacific: An Update
This paper updates poverty estimates for Asia and the Pacific from 2005 to 2008. It is found that those living below the $1.25 poverty line decreased from 903.4 million to 753.5 million and those below the $2 poverty line from 1.8 billion to 1.63 billion. However, Asia and the Pacific region remains home to the majority of the global poor. And performance of poverty reduction varied considerably across subregions and countries, with poor economies generally lagging behind.
The Rise of the Middle Class in the People's Republic of China
This paper discusses the rise of the middle class in the People's Republic of China and the drivers of this trend.
Impacts of Climate Change on the People's Republic of China's Grain Output - Regional and Crop Perspective
This paper investigates the impacts of climate change on the People's Republic of China's grain output using rural household survey data.
Climate Change and Agricultural Interregional Trade Flows in the People's Republic of China
This paper investigates climate change impacts on People's Republic of China's agricultural interregional trade pattern using a computable general equilibrium model of multiple regions and multiple sectors.
How is the Global Recession Impacting on Poverty and Social Spending? An Ex Ante Assessment Methodology with Applications to Developing Asia
The global economic recession is severely affecting Asian economies. Timely assessment of the economic and social impacts is critical to the formulation and implementation of policy responses. This paper presents a simple methodology of ex ante impact assessment, focusing specifically on how the global recession will affect poverty and social expenditures in developing Asian countries. This involves two steps: first, to gauge how the crisis will affect national and household incomes; and, second, to assess how the income effects are transmitted to poverty and social spending.
Why is Access to Basic Services Not Inclusive? A Synthesis with a Special Focus on Developing Asia
Despite increased supply of basic services in developing Asia and beyond, evidence show that the poor failed to gain sufficiently from such increases.
The World Bank's New Poverty Data: Implications for the Asian Development Bank
In October 2008 the World Bank released new poverty counts based on the most recent purchasing power parity estimates. The new data show that the number of poor in Asia and the Pacific is more than one third higher than earlier estimated This publication explains the methodology behind the new poverty estimates, highlights country specifics on extreme poverty and vulnerability, makes poverty projections through 2020 for the Asia and Pacific region based on pro-poor and pro-rich distribution as well as new growth scenarios, and discusses implications for the Asian Development Bank.