Afghanistan: Economy

Growth rose to 2% in 2016 on recovery in agriculture as industry and services slowed. Daunting challenges weigh on public confidence: an increasingly aggressive insurgency, a fragile political environment, and weak institutions. The year saw progress in strengthening public finances, and development partners reaffirmed their financial support. The outlook is for modest growth improvement even as an expected surge of refugees brings new difficulties. Read more from Asian Development Outlook 2017


Economic forecasts for South Asian countries

Country 2017f 2018f
Afghanistan 2.5 3.0
Bangladesh 6.9 6.9
Bhutan 8.2 9.9
India 7.4 7.6
Maldives 3.8 4.1
Nepal 5.6 5.4
Pakistan 5.2 5.5
Sri Lanka 5.0 5.0
Average 7.0 7.2
Country 2017f 2018f
Afghanistan 5.5 5.8
Bangladesh 6.1 6.3
Bhutan 4.9 5.4
India 5.2 5.4
Maldives 2.1 2.3
Nepal 6.0 6.5
Pakistan 4.0 4.8
Sri Lanka 6.0 6.0
Average 5.2 5.4
Country 2017f 2018f
Afghanistan 1.4 –0.2
Bangladesh –1.0 –0.7
Bhutan –27.4 –22.8
India –1.3 –1.5
Maldives –18.9 –19.1
Nepal –1.6 –3.2
Pakistan –2.1 –2.5
Sri Lanka –2.2 –2.2
Average –1.4 –1.6

f = forecast number.

Source: Asian Development Outlook 2017