Afghanistan and ADB
In the Spotlight
This sets out an ambitious strategy to improve Afghanistan's roads, railways, civil aviation, urban transport, trade logistics, and institutions concerned with transport infrastructure and operations. The estimated investment required to achieve the goals is about $26 billion from 2017-2036.
The Afghanistan country operations business plan 2017–2019 will continue to focus on infrastructure development in transport, energy, and agriculture and natural resources.
Islamic finance is a relatively nascent industry in Afghanistan. Currently, at least 7 out of the 16 licensed financial institutions in the country offer some form of Islamic financial services. The government is taking several initiatives to improve the regulatory and legal landscape.
Afghanistan was a founding member of ADB in 1966 and has since been supported by ADB over two periods.
Resuming its partnership with Afghanistan after a hiatus from 1980 to 2001, ADB—in collaboration with other development partners—supports the country’s development in the transport, energy, natural resources, and economic management sectors. Cumulative lending to Afghanistan total almost $1 billion, and approved grants total $3.3 billion.
ADB assistance is fully on budget and aligned with the government’s strategies and its national priority programs, which are the agreed foundations of the partnership.
Afghanistan is a member of the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program.
Projects in Afghanistan
- Energy Supply Improvement Investment Program (Solar), Tranche 3 (Formerly MFF II: Energy Development 2014-2023)
- MFF: Arghandab Integrated Water Resources Development Investment Program
- Energy Supply Improvement Investment Program Tranche 4 (Formerly Multitranche Financing Facility II: Energy Development 2014-2023)
- Support for Infrastructure Investment and Policy II
- Arghandab Integrated Water Resources Development Investment Program
- Energy Supply Improvement Investment Program Tranche 2 (Formerly Multitranche Financing Facility II: Energy Development 2014-2023)
- Road Asset Management Project
- Panj-Amu River Basin Sector Project
- Preparation of Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Corridors 5 and 6 (Salang Corridor) Project
Population living below the national poverty line in Afghanistan (2015)
Average annual population growth rate in Afghanistan (2011-2016)
Maternal mortality ratio in Afghanistan, per 100,000 live births (2015)
Population in Afghanistan, in millions (2016)