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Bhutan and ADB

ADB has supported Bhutan through various programs since 1982, with strong emphasis on renewable energy production, transport connectivity, and key urban infrastructure projects.

Bhutan: Results of ADB-Supported Operations, 2019

Results achieved are aggregate amounts of outputs and outcomes from operations reported in project completion reports and extended annual review reports circulated for the year.

Operational Priority 2: Accelerating Progress in Gender Equality

Operational Priority 5: Promoting Rural Development and Food Security

Operational Priority 6: Strengthening Governance and Institutional Capacity

Operational Priority 7: Fostering Regional Cooperation and Integration


Bhutan: Results of ADB-Supported Operations, 2010-2018

Energy

 508,790 tCO2 equivalent per year in greenhouse gas emission reduction

508,790 tCO2: The avoided CO2 equivalent emission as a result of a clean energy project or component of a project. Projects with CO2 emission reduction include renewable energy generation, energy efficiency projects in supply and demand side, and use of cleaner fuels such as natural gas in place of coal or oil.

 9,586 new households connected to electricity

9,586: Number of new households given electricity connection.

 126 MW installed energy generation capacity

126 MW: Aggregated additional capacity in megawatts (MW) resulting from generation projects using conventional and renewable energy sources.

 19 kilometers transmission lines installed or upgraded

19 kilometers: Length of power, gas, and oil transmission lines (ground distance in kilometers). For power transmission lines, this should be the simple distance from tower A to tower B and not the circuit-kilometer.

 1,682 kilometers distribution lines installed or upgraded

1,682 kilometers: Length of the distribution network of lines or pipes installed and/or upgraded in kilometers, aggregating: (i) power distribution lines installed or upgraded, generally at 110 kilovolts or lower; (ii) district heating network pipes installed or upgraded; and (iii) urban gas supply network pipes installed or upgraded.

Transport

 138,938 average daily vehicle-kilometers use of roads built or upgraded in the first full year of operation

138,938 average daily vehicle-kilometers: Traffic benefiting from built or upgraded roads in the year after project completion. Vehicles are buses, trucks, minivans, cars, motorcycles, and other motorized means of conveyance, depending on the country and location. Daily vehicle-kilometers is to be calculated by adding all distances in kilometers traveled by all types of vehicles in a day on roads built or upgraded.

 239 kilometers roads built or upgraded

239 kilometers: Length of expressways and national highways (i.e., fully access-controlled roadways) and provincial, district, and rural road networks (i.e., roads without full access control) built or upgraded, expressed in kilometers.

 136 kilometers expressways and national highways built or upgraded

136 kilometers: Expressways and national highways built or upgraded (kilometers)

 103 kilometers provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded

103 kilometers: Provincial, district, and rural road networks built or upgraded (kilometers)

Water

 14,052 households with new or improved water supply

14,052: All additional households that benefit from projects offering piped or non-piped water supply systems that are of a higher order than the system that the households used before (non-piped supply may include standpipes), and households that are already connected to a piped system but are provided with improved service, e.g., longer hours of service and/or increased pressure.

 4,021 households with new or improved sanitation

4,021: All additional households that benefit from projects offering a variety of sanitation systems to households that either did not benefit from sanitation systems before or benefit from systems of lesser order, and households that are already benefiting from sanitation services but are provided with improved service, e.g., sewer connection, septic tank, pour-flush, simple pit latrine, or ventilated improved pit latrine.

 6,800 m3/day wastewater treatment capacity added or improved

6,800 cubic meters/day: Maximum cubic meters of wastewater intake per day at the new or improved treatment plant, excluding waste treatment capacity of septic tanks and the removal of the waste.

 66 kilometers water supply pipes installed or upgraded

66 kilometers: All sizes of new and repaired or upgraded pipes intended to transport water for urban water use for domestic and nonagricultural business purposes, expressed as their aggregate length in the network, irrespective of pipe diameter, comprising mains as well as reticulation pipes.

Finance

 1,900 small and medium-sized enterprise loan accounts opened or end borrowers reached

1,900: Preferably number of end borrowers, but if not available, the number of small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) loan accounts opened (regardless of amount) over the course of the project. The calculation does not include equity operations for SMEs. The definition of SMEs follows the definition generally used in the country of the project.

Education

 771 students benefiting from new or improved educational facilities

771: Total number of students benefiting from new or upgraded physical educational facilities.

 26 teachers trained with quality or competent standards

26: Number of teachers trained who are likely to improve teaching practices and support improvements in curriculum, textbooks, or pedagogy.

Regional Cooperation and Integration

 497 GWH/year cross-border transmission of electricity

497 GWH/year: Cross-border electricity, in GWh, transmitted annually based on PCRs circulated during the year. Achieved outputs of operations with the thematic classification of regional cooperation and integration are counted.

Note: Results achieved are aggregate amounts of outputs and outcomes from operations reported in project completion reports and extended annual review reports circulated for the year.

Sources: ADB project and/or program completion reports issued in 2010-2018, staff estimates, and ADB Strategy and Policy Department.

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