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Kazakhstan and ADB

ADB operations in Kazakhstan support sustainable COVID-19 pandemic recovery, reduce inequalities, minimize the country’s dependence on commodity exports, and address its vulnerabilities to climate change.

ADB's Work in Kazakhstan   Download Fact Sheet

Kazakhstan became a member of ADB in 1994, shortly after it achieved independence. Since then, ADB has aided Kazakhstan with sovereign and nonsovereign financing, technical assistance, and knowledge support. Priority areas of operations have been budget support, transport, finance, and renewable energy sectors. To date, Kazakhstan has contributed $8.6 million to ADB’s Asian Development Fund, which provides grant to poorer countries in Asia and the Pacific.

Current ADB operations in Kazakhstan support economic diversification, inclusive development, and sustainable growth. ADB is also supporting Kazakhstan’s active participation in the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program.

To date, ADB has committed 127 public sector loans, grants, and technical assistance totaling $6 billion to Kazakhstan. Cumulative loan disbursements to Kazakhstan amount to $5.68 billion. These were financed by regular and concessional ordinary capital resources, and other special funds. ADB’s ongoing sovereign portfolio in Kazakhstan includes 5 loans and 1 grant worth $1.6 billion.

ADB supported the reconstruction of about 500 kilometers (km) of roads in Mangistau region. This is expected to increase Kazakhstan’s transit potential and improve its regional connectivity through integration into global networks. Works are ongoing on 300 km of the Aktobe–Makat road and 90 km of the adjacent road between Aktobe and Kandyagash to boost connectivity and promote regional trade in western Kazakhstan. ADB is processing a new local currency loan for the reconstruction of a 208 km strategic section of the Kyzylorda–Zhezkazgan road that links the southern and northern regions of the country.

Promoting gender equality and addressing climate change are important thematic areas of ADB’s country operations. Jointly with Otbasy Bank, Kazakhstan’s leading financial institution, ADB is providing access to affordable housing to more than 3,000 women, particularly in rural areas. To develop renewable energy sources and support Kazakhstan’s transition to carbon neutrality, ADB has been providing technical assistance to introduce new legislation on renewable technology inclusive heat supply and create more generating facilities with hydro, hybrid, and power storage. ADB also provided assistance to connect renewable power plants to the national grid and develop a low-carbon growth strategy for Nur-Sultan city.

Bayterek Tower, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan.
Bayterek Tower, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan. Photo: ADB

Nonsovereign operations. Total outstanding balances and undisbursed commitments of ADB’s nonsovereign transactions in Kazakhstan as of 31 December 2021 was $136.45 million representing 0.97% of ADB’s total private sector portfolio.

Operational challenges. Massive infrastructure investment and innovative financing modalities are needed to reduce inequalities between Kazakhstan’s large cities and the rest of the country. ADB is working with the government and other development partners to help modernize Kazakhstan’s infrastructure in transport, energy, urban development, and rural services.

To help diversify and decarbonize the economy, ADB and the government are working to promote sustainable development, stimulate tourism, improve logistics, foster private entrepreneurship, promote digitalization, and ensure good governance.

The government has stated its preference for local currency financing by international financial institutions. ADB has responded with enhanced flexibility in its lending modalities and the provision of tenge loans through the issuance of local currency bonds. ADB issued the first tenge green bonds in the domestic bond market in 2020, and debut tenge gender bonds in 2021.

COVID-19 Response

In 2020–2021, ADB assisted the Government of Kazakhstan in mitigating the health, social, and economic impacts of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic through a $1 billion countercyclical loan and over $5 million in grants. ADB supported the procurement of personal protective equipment for frontline healthcare workers and medical kits for low-income families, mitigation of the pandemic’s impact on the labor market, and upgrade of the COVID-19 Control Center web application used by the government to monitor COVID-19 data.

Knowledge Work

Since 2013, the Kazakhstan Knowledge and Experience Exchange Program (KEEP), a joint program of ADB and the government, has been offering demand-driven and just in-time knowledge support, including technical reports, policy advisory services, and capacity-building programs. The ongoing fourth phase of KEEP, launched in November 2020, shares valuable expertise in areas such as public audit, accrual budgeting, financial integrity, investment promotion, agriculture, energy, regional development, gender and family affairs, and venture financing.

In 2021, ADB supported the government in improving civil servants’ digital skills and developing mortgage lending digitalization models of Kazakhstan Mortgage Company, among others. ADB also published studies on Kazakhstan’s regional inequality, the pandemic’s economic impact, and the country’s development finance needs to achieve the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda.

25 Years of ADB-Kazakhstan Partnership

 

2014

Kazakhstan hosts ADB’s Board of Governors Annual Meeting for the first time under the overall theme “The Silk Road: Connecting Asia with a Changing World”.

ADB and Kazakhstan sign a Partnership Framework Agreement that sets forth a new paradigm for partnership to support the country’s development agenda.
 

2013

The government of Kazakhstan and ADB launch the joint Knowledge and Experience Exchange Program to support implementing the country’s development strategies.

ADB approves non-sovereign projects in agribusiness and energy sectors.

Kazakhstan is the first Central Asian country to become the Asian Development Fund’s donor with a contribution of $5.49 million.
 

2012

A project to help Kazakhstan build an efficient transport network along Shymkent-Tashkent road section is approved.

Bank CenterCredit JSC and a subsidiary of Sberbank JSC sign trade finance agreements with ADB to boost their lending portfolios to domestic trading companies.
 

2010

ADB approves an investment program aimed at providing financing to small- and medium-sized enterprises (SME) to increase their productivity and competitiveness.

A multitranche financing facility to reconstruct 790 km of roads in Mangystau region is approved.
 

2009

A $500-million countercyclical support loan to help the country mitigate the impact of global economic and financial crisis is provided.
 

2008

ADB contributes to the country’s Western Europe – Western China major road improvement project implementation by helping rehabilitate a 470 km road section in Zhambyl oblast.
 

2007

ADB issues first local currency bonds amounting to KZT6 billion to support private sector lending to financial institutions.
 

2004

ADB and Kazakhstan sign a loan agreement aimed at improving living and health conditions for people in rural areas by providing basic water supply and sanitation services.
 

2000

ADB approves a project to improve the efficiency and safety of the subregional road transport link between Almaty and Bishkek.
 

1997

A project to promote efficient irrigation and enhance farm productivity in South Kazakhstan oblast is approved.

ADB helps provide new computers, language laboratory equipment, and related software for selected schools in the country.
 
 

1994

On January 19 Kazakhstan becomes the first country in Central Asia to join ADB.

Shareholding and Voting Power

Number of Shares Held
85,608 (0.81% of total shares)

Votes
124,722 (0.94% of total membership, 1.44% of total regional membership)

*Overall capital subscription
$1.2 billion

*Paid-in capital subscription
$59.93 million

* United States dollar figures are valued at rate as of 31 December 2021.


ADB Governor: Alibek Kuantyrov
ADB Alternate Governor: Dauren Kenbeil
ADB Director: Noor Ahmed (Pakistan)
ADB Alternate Director: Paul Dominguez (Philippines)

Financing Partnerships

Financing partnerships enable ADB’s partner governments or their agencies, multilateral institutions, and private organizations to participate in ADB projects. The additional funds may be in the form of loans and grants, technical assistance, and nonsovereign cofinancing.

Cumulative cofinancing commitments in Kazakhstan:

  • Sovereign cofinancing: $4.58 billion for 6 investment projects and $7.15 million for 9 technical assistance projects since 1999
  • Nonsovereign cofinancing: $134.02 million for 3 investment projects since 2004

Future Directions

ADB will support Kazakhstan better deliver public and social services, implement structural reforms, decarbonize energy and heating sectors, promote public–private partnerships, and further encourage regional cooperation and integration through the CAREC Program. ADB will continue providing the government with the requested various knowledge solutions on increasing the country’s economic competitiveness.

A new 5-year country partnership strategy will be discussed with the relevant stakeholders in Kazakhstan in 2022 to better align the areas of our partnership with the government’s priorities.

This article was originally published in the ADB and Kazakhstan: Fact Sheet. Updated yearly, this ADB Fact Sheet provides concise information on ADB's operations in the country and contact information.

Contacts

Kazakhstan Resident Mission
12 Samal, Astana Tower Business Center 20th Floor
Nur-Sultan 010000, Kazakhstan
  Tel: +7 7172 709707
  Fax: +92 51 260 0365-66
 Email

KARM Office in Almaty
Arai Building 2nd Floor
20A Kazybek Bi Street
Almaty 050010, Kazakhstan
  Tel: +7 727 312 3100 to 03

Ministry of National Economy
Republic of Kazakhstan
Mangilik El avenue, 8, House of Ministries entrance 7
Nur-Sultan 010000
  Tel: +7 7172 74-38-01

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