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Kazakhstan and ADB

ADB operations in Kazakhstan support sustainable COVID-19 pandemic recovery, reduce inequalities, minimize the country’s dependence on commodity exports, and address its vulnerabilities to climate change.

Kazakhstan: Results of ADB-Supported Operations

Results achieved are aggregate amounts of contributions to 7 Operational Priorities of Strategy 2030 from operations reported in project completion reports, technical assistance completion reports, and extended annual review reports circulated for the year.

These results are also presented on the annual Development Effectiveness Review. The review covers all operations financed by ADB's ordinary capital resources and the Asian Development Fund, ADB's concessional lending window.

Kazakhstan: Results of ADB-Supported Operations, 2010-2018


 7,989 tCO2 equivalent per year in greenhouse gas emission reduction

7,989 tCO2: The avoided CO2 equivalent emission as a result of a clean energy project or component of a project. Projects with CO2 emission reduction include renewable energy generation, energy efficiency projects in supply and demand side, and use of cleaner fuels such as natural gas in place of coal or oil.


 1,978,625 average daily vehicle-kilometers use of roads built or upgraded in the first full year of operation

1,978,625 average daily vehicle-kilometers: Traffic benefiting from built or upgraded roads in the year after project completion. Vehicles are buses, trucks, minivans, cars, motorcycles, and other motorized means of conveyance, depending on the country and location. Daily vehicle-kilometers is to be calculated by adding all distances in kilometers traveled by all types of vehicles in a day on roads built or upgraded.

 674 kilometers roads built or upgraded

674 kilometers: Length of expressways and national highways (i.e., fully access-controlled roadways) and provincial, district, and rural road networks (i.e., roads without full access control) built or upgraded, expressed in kilometers.


 11,568 households with new or improved water supply

11,568: All additional households that benefit from projects offering piped or non-piped water supply systems that are of a higher order than the system that the households used before (non-piped supply may include standpipes), and households that are already connected to a piped system but are provided with improved service, e.g., longer hours of service and/or increased pressure.

 499 kilometers water supply pipes installed or upgraded

499 kilometers: All sizes of new and repaired or upgraded pipes intended to transport water for urban water use for domestic and nonagricultural business purposes, expressed as their aggregate length in the network, irrespective of pipe diameter, comprising mains as well as reticulation pipes.


 30,476 small and medium-sized enterprise loan accounts opened or end borrowers reached

30,476: Preferably number of end borrowers, but if not available, the number of small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) loan accounts opened (regardless of amount) over the course of the project. The calculation does not include equity operations for SMEs. The definition of SMEs follows the definition generally used in the country of the project.

Regional Cooperation and Integration

 460,000 tons/year cross-border cargo volume facilitated

460,000 tons/year: Volume of cargo that crossed borders that are facilitated by ADB operations contributing to regional connectivity. Such operations may include regional road construction and rehabilitation, and border infrastructure and systems improvement.

Note: Results achieved are aggregate amounts of outputs and outcomes from operations reported in project completion reports and extended annual review reports circulated for the year.

Sources: ADB project and/or program completion reports issued in 2010-2018, staff estimates, and ADB Strategy and Policy Department.

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