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Nepal and ADB

ADB supports Nepal’s sustainable recovery from COVID-19 and inclusive growth by investing in infrastructure, improving access to basic services, and protecting the poor and vulnerable.

Nepal: Results of ADB-Supported Operations

Results achieved are aggregate amounts of contributions to 7 Operational Priorities of Strategy 2030 from operations reported in project completion reports, technical assistance completion reports, and extended annual review reports circulated for the year.

These results are also presented on the annual Development Effectiveness Review. The review covers all operations financed by ADB's ordinary capital resources and the Asian Development Fund, ADB's concessional lending window.

Nepal: Results of ADB-Supported Operations, 2010-2018


 68,000 tCO2 equivalent per year in greenhouse gas emission reduction

68,000 tCO2: The avoided CO2 equivalent emission as a result of a clean energy project or component of a project. Projects with CO2 emission reduction include renewable energy generation, energy efficiency projects in supply and demand side, and use of cleaner fuels such as natural gas in place of coal or oil.

 140,046 new households connected to electricity

140,046: Number of new households given electricity connection.

 253 kilometers transmission lines installed or upgraded

253 kilometers: Length of power, gas, and oil transmission lines (ground distance in kilometers). For power transmission lines, this should be the simple distance from tower A to tower B and not the circuit-kilometer.

 2,522 kilometers distribution lines installed or upgraded

2,522 kilometers: Length of the distribution network of lines or pipes installed and/or upgraded in kilometers, aggregating: (i) power distribution lines installed or upgraded, generally at 110 kilovolts or lower; (ii) district heating network pipes installed or upgraded; and (iii) urban gas supply network pipes installed or upgraded.


 2,296,777 average daily vehicle-kilometers use of roads built or upgraded in the first full year of operation

2,296,777 average daily vehicle-kilometers: Traffic benefiting from built or upgraded roads in the year after project completion. Vehicles are buses, trucks, minivans, cars, motorcycles, and other motorized means of conveyance, depending on the country and location. Daily vehicle-kilometers is to be calculated by adding all distances in kilometers traveled by all types of vehicles in a day on roads built or upgraded.

 2,146 kilometers roads built or upgraded

2,146 kilometers: Length of expressways and national highways (i.e., fully access-controlled roadways) and provincial, district, and rural road networks (i.e., roads without full access control) built or upgraded, expressed in kilometers.


 268,934 households with new or improved water supply

268,934: All additional households that benefit from projects offering piped or non-piped water supply systems that are of a higher order than the system that the households used before (non-piped supply may include standpipes), and households that are already connected to a piped system but are provided with improved service, e.g., longer hours of service and/or increased pressure.

 62,323 households with new or improved sanitation

62,323: All additional households that benefit from projects offering a variety of sanitation systems to households that either did not benefit from sanitation systems before or benefit from systems of lesser order, and households that are already benefiting from sanitation services but are provided with improved service, e.g., sewer connection, septic tank, pour-flush, simple pit latrine, or ventilated improved pit latrine.

 7,665 m3/day wastewater treatment capacity added or improved

7,665 cubic meters/day: Maximum cubic meters of wastewater intake per day at the new or improved treatment plant, excluding waste treatment capacity of septic tanks and the removal of the waste.

 7,081 kilometers water supply pipes installed or upgraded

7,081 kilometers: All sizes of new and repaired or upgraded pipes intended to transport water for urban water use for domestic and nonagricultural business purposes, expressed as their aggregate length in the network, irrespective of pipe diameter, comprising mains as well as reticulation pipes.

 11,661 hectares land improved through irrigation, drainage and/or flood management

11,661 hectares: Land area improved through any new or improved: (i) irrigation, (ii) drainage services, and (iii) flood management works.


 195,959 microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached

195,959: The number of end borrowers; or, if not available, the number or estimate of microfinance loan accounts opened (regardless of amount in currency) over the course of the project. All those reached by microfinance lending or saving group activities of the project are counted, including participants in self-help groups. The definition of microfinance follows country conventions.


 2,111,166 students benefiting from new or improved educational facilities

2,111,166: Total number of students benefiting from new or upgraded physical educational facilities.

 10,881,634 students educated and trained under improved quality assurance systems

10,881,634: Total number of students benefiting from improved quality assurance systems under the projects.

Regional Cooperation and Integration

 357 GWH/year cross-border transmission of electricity

357 GWH/year: Cross-border electricity, in GWh, transmitted annually based on PCRs circulated during the year. Achieved outputs of operations with the thematic classification of regional cooperation and integration are counted.

 212,065 tons/year cross-border cargo volume facilitated

212,065 tons/year: Volume of cargo that crossed borders that are facilitated by ADB operations contributing to regional connectivity. Such operations may include regional road construction and rehabilitation, and border infrastructure and systems improvement.

Note: Results achieved are aggregate amounts of outputs and outcomes from operations reported in project completion reports and extended annual review reports circulated for the year.

Sources: ADB project and/or program completion reports issued in 2010-2018, staff estimates, and ADB Strategy and Policy Department.

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