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People's Republic of China (PRC) and ADB

ADB’s operations in the People’s Republic of China help develop innovative solutions to address complex development challenges and provide lessons and models for replication in other ADB developing member countries.

ADB's Work in the PRC

The economic growth of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in 2021 was driven by dynamic exports, industrial production, and the improved performance of services and consumption, boosting the labor market and decreasing unemployment to pre-pandemic levels. In March 2021, the National People’s Congress approved the country’s 14th Five-Year Plan, which aims at achieving higher-quality development that is more efficient, equitable, sustainable, and secure by 2025.

ADB has been working with the PRC since 1986. In 2021, ADB approved the new country partnership strategy (CPS) for the PRC for 2021–2025 with the overarching goal of supporting the country to achieve high-quality, green development. It focuses on three interrelated strategic priorities: environmentally sustainable development, climate change adaptation and mitigation, and addressing an aging society and health security.

To date, ADB has committed 1,160 public sector loans, grants, and technical assistance totaling $41.3 billion to the PRC. Cumulative loan and grant disbursements to the PRC amount to $34.18 billion. These were financed by regular ordinary capital resources, and other special funds. ADB’s ongoing sovereign portfolio in the PRC includes 83 loans worth $13 billion.

In 2021, ADB committed $1.62 billion for 10 sovereign loans (excluding cofinancing) and $145 million for 4 nonsovereign loans for the PRC. This was supplemented by $9.7 million (inclusive of cofinancing) for 25 technical assistance (TA) projects (inclusive of supplementary TAs).

ADB supported ecological protection and holistic development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt with the commitment of $153.98 million in Hunan province to restore wetland areas and establish flood early warning systems benefiting 523,000 people in Pingjiang county. Another $200.52 million loan was committed to improve agricultural incomes and enhance food security benefiting 422,022 residents. ADB also committed $197.8 million in Henan’s Xichuan county for early warning systems for floods.

ADB reinforced government action on air pollution reduction in the greater Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei region, by committing $151.51 million to boost sustainable financing in renewable energy, clean transport, industrial energy efficiency, and cooling system retrofits. ADB, in partnership with KfW, also supported livable and inclusive cities through integrated information and communication technology with a $200 million loan in Shaanxi province.

ADB committed a $146.11 million results-based lending program to create skilled jobs for women as teachers, expand their access to different in-service training, and promote leadership roles for women. ADB also committed a $140.78 million loan to strengthen health care services for the elderly in the Xiangyang municipality of Hubei.

Nonsovereign operations. ADB also supported women’s access to affordable energy through a $50 million equivalent nonsovereign loan to natural gas supplier Henan Tian Lun Gas Group Ltd. At least 8,700 households headed by single mothers will receive supplies of natural gas on favorable payment terms under the project.

Total outstanding balances and undisbursed commitments of ADB’s nonsovereign transactions in the PRC as of 31 December 2021 was $1.84 billion representing 13.08% of ADB’s total private sector portfolio.

Operational challenges. As most ADB operations target the PRC’s less-developed regions, operational challenges persist where overall institutional capacity and policies are weaker, and an increasing number of projects are implemented by the lower level of municipality and county governments that have limited experience with ADB procedures. Such challenges may get aggravated since future ADB operations in the country are required to demonstrate strong innovative features and knowledge spillover potentials and focus more on institutional strengthening rather than traditional investments that emphasize civil works.

COVID-19 Response

To assist rural farmers and microentrepreneurs hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic, ADB provided a $40 million equivalent nonsovereign loan to CD Finance Management Co. Ltd. to expand access to microfinance loans for underserved groups in the rural areas. ADB is also providing a $60 million equivalent nonsovereign loan to Zhujiang Financial Leasing Company Limited to help the PRC’s small and medium-sized enterprises recover from the pandemic.

Knowledge Work

Knowledge is central to ADB’s operations in the PRC, with a focus on enhancing institutional capacity to strengthen service delivery for inclusive and environmentally sustainable development. ADB launched the report on Greening Development in the People’s Republic of China as a side event at the UN Biodiversity Conference (CBD COP15), showcasing the dynamic partnership of the PRC and ADB in environmental protection and ecological conservation. ADB also committed a flagship TA cluster to support the resilient ecological protection and high-quality development goals in the Yellow River Basin.

ADB continued providing policy advice through a $300,000 technical assistance on the alignment of the PRC’s current tax structure with the country’s expenditure needs under a high-quality growth model and through timely observations and suggestions on high-quality development and population aging. ADB also published a brief on the PRC’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

30 Years of ADB-PRC Partnership

 

2014

ADB signs a Memorandum of Understanding on climate change with PRC’s National Development and Reforms Commission and the Ministry of Environmental Protection.

News Release: ADB President Assures PRC Vice Premier of Strong Support for Reforms, Environment, and Poverty Reduction


A Knowledge Hub on Green Growth and Eco-compensation is launched.

News Release: PRC Knowledge Hub on Green Development and Eco-Compensation Established with ADB Support

 

2012

ADB organizes the first best performing loan project awards.

The PRC-ADB Regional Knowledge Sharing Initiative is inaugurated in the ADB Resident Mission.
 

2011

The ADB Resident Mission in the PRC celebrates its tenth year anniversary and the opening of its new office.
 

2008

The Guangdong Energy Efficiency and Environment Improvement Investment Program is approved, one of the first large-scale energy efficiency projects in the PRC.

Case study: People's Republic of China: Clean and Efficient Energy in Guandong Province


ADB provides $400 million emergency assistance is following the Wenchuan earthquake.
 

2007

A technical assistance project is launched to pilot test NGOs participation in village poverty alleviation and development planning.

Publication: People's Republic of China: Tapping a New Well

 

2003

Bruce Murray, the first ADB Country Director to the PRC, receives the PRC’s Friendship Award.
 

2002

ADB celebrates its 35th Annual Meeting in Shanghai.
 

2001

The 16-volume Laws and Regulations of the PRC is published with ADB’s technical assistance to finance its English translation.
 

2000

ADB Resident Mission in the PRC (PRCM) opens in Beijing.
 

1993

ADB lending to the PRC reaches $1 billion.
 

1991/1992

A project for the development of the Shanghai: Nanpu and Yangpu bridges is approved.

Read how the phenomenal growth rate of Shanghai's Pudong area is linked to this infrastructure project: Bridges Bring Boom.

 

1989

 

1987

ADB’s lending operations in the PRC start with a focus on the industrial sector and financial institutions located in the country's coastal region.
 

1986

Chen Muhua, State Councilor, Governor of the People’s Bank of China and the PRC Governor for ADB, attending ADB’s 19th Annual Meeting in Manila.
 

1985

Government representative Che Peiqin (left) presenting the PRC’s membership application to ADB President Fujioka. The application was accepted in March 1986.

Shareholding and Voting Power

Number of Shares Held
684,000 (6.43% of total shares)

Votes
723,114 (5,44% of total membership, 8.35% of total regional membership)

*Overall capital subscription
$9.57 billion

*Paid-in capital subscription
$478.81 million

* United States dollar figures are valued at rate as of 31 December 2021.


ADB Governor: Liu Kun
ADB Alternate Governor: Zou Jiayi
ADB Director: Weihua Liu
ADB Alternate Director: Xia Lyu

Financing Partnerships

Financing partnerships enable ADB’s partner governments or their agencies, multilateral institutions, and private organizations to participate in ADB projects. The additional funds may be in the form of loans and grants, technical assistance, and nonsovereign cofinancing.

Cumulative cofinancing commitments in the PRC:

  • Sovereign cofinancing: $2.89 billion for 38 investment projects and $67.09 million for 118 technical assistance projects since 1987
  • Nonsovereign cofinancing: $3.27 billion for 32 investment projects since 1991

In 2021, the PRC received a total of $270.93 million loan cofinancing from the KfW for the Hunan Miluo River Disaster Risk Management and Comprehensive Environment Improvement Project, and Shaanxi Green Intelligent Transport and Logistics Management Demonstration Project.

Future Directions

Under the current CPS, 2021–2025, ADB is committed to fostering a more focused and multifaceted partnership with the PRC to enable the country to increasingly showcase and help replicate successful development outcomes and innovative models. The evolution of the ADB–PRC partnership requires ADB operations to be more selective and catalytic, focusing on value added through innovative and demonstrative projects. Specific areas of engagement will be determined by ADB’s ability to strengthen policies and institutions, support the generation of regional and global public goods, and disseminate knowledge on the PRC’s development experience and ADB’s learnings from its engagement with the country. Close coordination between sovereign and nonsovereign operations and the One ADB approach will help develop knowledge solutions to the PRC’s complex development issues that can be replicated in ADB’s other DMCs.

This article was originally published in the ADB and the People’s Republic of China: Fact Sheet. Updated yearly, this ADB Fact Sheet provides concise information on ADB's operations in the country and contact information.

Contacts

People’s Republic of China Resident Mission
17th Floor, China World Tower A
1 Jian Guo Men Wai Avenue
Chaoyang District, Beijing 100004
People’s Republic of China
  Tel: +86 10 8573 0909
  Fax: +86 10 8573 0808
 Email

Ministry of Finance
Sanlihe, Xicheng District, Beijing 100820
People’s Republic of China
  Fax: +86 10 68551125

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