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People's Republic of China (PRC) and ADB

ADB has moved from an infrastructure-based support model for the PRC to one that will improve the quality of economic growth by underlining environmental protection and social sector development.

People's Republic of China: Results of ADB-Supported Operations, 2010-2018

Results achieved are aggregate amounts of outputs and outcomes from operations reported in project completion reports and extended annual review reports circulated for the year.

Energy

 16,765,430 tCO2 equivalent per year in greenhouse gas emission reduction

16,765,430 tCO2: The avoided CO2 equivalent emission as a result of a clean energy project or component of a project. Projects with CO2 emission reduction include renewable energy generation, energy efficiency projects in supply and demand side, and use of cleaner fuels such as natural gas in place of coal or oil.

 3,544 GWH equivalent per year of energy saved

3,544 GWH: Annual energy savings is the sum of electricity and fuel savings, after converting fuel savings in terrajoules to terawatt-hour equivalent per year. Energy saved is the energy savings resulting from a project or component of a project that involves efficiency improvements in energy use.

 514,721 new households connected to electricity

514,721: Number of new households given electricity connection.

 2,477 MW installed energy generation capacity

2,477 MW: Aggregated additional capacity in megawatts (MW) resulting from generation projects using conventional and renewable energy sources.

 563 kilometers transmission lines installed or upgraded

563 kilometers: Length of power, gas, and oil transmission lines (ground distance in kilometers). For power transmission lines, this should be the simple distance from tower A to tower B and not the circuit-kilometer.

 40,824 kilometers distribution lines installed or upgraded

40,824 kilometers: Length of the distribution network of lines or pipes installed and/or upgraded in kilometers, aggregating: (i) power distribution lines installed or upgraded, generally at 110 kilovolts or lower; (ii) district heating network pipes installed or upgraded; and (iii) urban gas supply network pipes installed or upgraded.

Transport

 23,132,562 average daily vehicle-kilometers use of roads built or upgraded in the first full year of operation

23,132,562 average daily vehicle-kilometers: Traffic benefiting from built or upgraded roads in the year after project completion. Vehicles are buses, trucks, minivans, cars, motorcycles, and other motorized means of conveyance, depending on the country and location. Daily vehicle-kilometers is to be calculated by adding all distances in kilometers traveled by all types of vehicles in a day on roads built or upgraded.

 24,639,095 average daily ton-kilometers use of railways built or upgraded in the first full year of operation

24,639,095 average daily ton-kilometers: Railway freight benefiting from built or upgraded railway in the year after project completion. Ton-kilometer is often based on data provided by the railway company, as revenues are typically collected on this basis. If this is not available then daily ton-kilometer is calculated by multiplying the daily freight tons carried by the average number of kilometers hauled. The indicator excludes urban rail.

 16,906 kilometers roads built or upgraded

16,906 kilometers: Length of expressways and national highways (i.e., fully access-controlled roadways) and provincial, district, and rural road networks (i.e., roads without full access control) built or upgraded, expressed in kilometers.

 3,198 kilometers expressways and national highways built or upgraded

3,198 kilometers: Expressways and national highways built or upgraded (kilometers)

 13,411 kilometers provincial, district, and rural roads built or upgraded

13,411 kilometers: Provincial, district, and rural road networks built or upgraded (kilometers)

 2,208 kilometers railways constructed or/and upgraded

2,208 kilometers: Length of railway tracks built or upgraded in kilometers (double tracks do not count twice). Railways refer to intercity and/or regional rail infrastructure.

Water

 2,009,168 households with new or improved water supply

2,009,168: All additional households that benefit from projects offering piped or non-piped water supply systems that are of a higher order than the system that the households used before (non-piped supply may include standpipes), and households that are already connected to a piped system but are provided with improved service, e.g., longer hours of service and/or increased pressure.

 3,715,739 households with new or improved sanitation

3,715,739: All additional households that benefit from projects offering a variety of sanitation systems to households that either did not benefit from sanitation systems before or benefit from systems of lesser order, and households that are already benefiting from sanitation services but are provided with improved service, e.g., sewer connection, septic tank, pour-flush, simple pit latrine, or ventilated improved pit latrine.

 3,240,640 m3/day wastewater treatment capacity added or improved

3,240,640 cubic meters/day: Maximum cubic meters of wastewater intake per day at the new or improved treatment plant, excluding waste treatment capacity of septic tanks and the removal of the waste.

 1,229 kilometers water supply pipes installed or upgraded

1,229 kilometers: All sizes of new and repaired or upgraded pipes intended to transport water for urban water use for domestic and nonagricultural business purposes, expressed as their aggregate length in the network, irrespective of pipe diameter, comprising mains as well as reticulation pipes.

 12,095,492 hectares land improved through irrigation, drainage and/or flood management

12,095,492 hectares: Land area improved through any new or improved: (i) irrigation, (ii) drainage services, and (iii) flood management works.

 10,545,768 households with reduced flood risk

10,545,768: Number of rural and urban households protected from flood risks through (i) urban projects that include flood management components, (ii) irrigation and water resources development projects that include flood management components, and (iii) stand-alone flood management projects.

Finance

 191 microfinance loan accounts opened / end borrowers reached

191: The number of end borrowers; or, if not available, the number or estimate of microfinance loan accounts opened (regardless of amount in currency) over the course of the project. All those reached by microfinance lending or saving group activities of the project are counted, including participants in self-help groups. The definition of microfinance follows country conventions.

 4,981 small and medium-sized enterprise loan accounts opened or end borrowers reached

4,981: Preferably number of end borrowers, but if not available, the number of small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) loan accounts opened (regardless of amount) over the course of the project. The calculation does not include equity operations for SMEs. The definition of SMEs follows the definition generally used in the country of the project.

Education

 30,000 students benefiting from new or improved educational facilities

30,000: Total number of students benefiting from new or upgraded physical educational facilities.

 30,000 students educated and trained under improved quality assurance systems

30,000: Total number of students benefiting from improved quality assurance systems under the projects.

 200 teachers trained with quality or competent standards

200: Number of teachers trained who are likely to improve teaching practices and support improvements in curriculum, textbooks, or pedagogy.

Regional Cooperation and Integration

 17,886,978 tons/year cross-border cargo volume facilitated

17,886,978 tons/year: Volume of cargo that crossed borders that are facilitated by ADB operations contributing to regional connectivity. Such operations may include regional road construction and rehabilitation, and border infrastructure and systems improvement.

Note: Results achieved are aggregate amounts of outputs and outcomes from operations reported in project completion reports and extended annual review reports circulated for the year.

Sources: ADB project and/or program completion reports issued in 2010-2018, staff estimates, and ADB Strategy and Policy Department.

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