fbpx Sri Lanka: In-Depth | Asian Development Bank

Sri Lanka and ADB

ADB is assisting Sri Lanka’s economic recovery from COVID-19 and supporting the country’s inclusive and sustainable development through investments in key sectors.

ADB's Work in Sri Lanka   Download Country Brief

Sri Lanka’s economy showed an uptick in the first half of 2021, but a subsequent surge in coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases and mobility restrictions hindered a stronger recovery. Gross domestic product (GDP) growth in 2021 clocked 3.7% after a contraction of 3.6% in 2020. Before the pandemic, GDP annual growth averaged 3.7% from 2015 to 2019 as the economy was hit by shocks, including disasters caused by natural hazards, a political crisis, and terror attacks.

To date, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) has committed 479 public sector loans, grants, and technical assistance totaling $11 billion to Sri Lanka. Cumulative loan and grant disbursements to Sri Lanka amount to $8.64 billion. These were financed by regular and concessional ordinary capital resources, the Asian Development Fund, and other special funds. ADB’s ongoing sovereign portfolio in Sri Lanka includes 46 loans and 2 grants worth $4.4 billion.

ADB’s technical assistance program for Sri Lanka in 2021 included support for the implementation of education reforms, including capacity building in the sector that will enable quick and flexible responses to future emergencies. The technical assistance program also supported interventions to improve energy efficiency and increase the use of renewable energy.

ADB maintains close coordination with bilateral and multilateral development partners including the International Monetary Fund, the United Nations, and the World Bank to ensure complementarity of support to Sri Lanka.

Nonsovereign operations. Total outstanding balances and undisbursed commitments of ADB’s nonsovereign transactions in Sri Lanka as of 31 December 2021 was $368.43 million representing 2.62% of ADB’s total private sector portfolio.

Operational challenges. COVID-19 remains a challenge to ADB project implementation by preventing field missions and slowing work at some project sites. In 2021, ADB continued to monitor the implementation of projects through virtual missions, and work continued without significant interruptions. Institutional factors continued to hinder project implementation. These included lengthy land acquisition procedures, procurement delays caused by cumbersome approval processes, limited availability of counterpart funding, and poor contractor performance. Meanwhile, current macroeconomic conditions are affecting imports of construction material. Regular portfolio review meetings, involving ADB, the government, and executing agencies, helped resolve project-implementation issues and fostered information sharing. Through technical assistance, ADB is helping to improve project readiness and portfolio management, and build institutional capacity, particularly in Sri Lanka’s new implementing and executing agencies.

Hakmana Methodist Central College student reads at the school library.
Hakmana Methodist Central College student reads at the school library. Photo: Pushpa Kumara/ADB

COVID-19 Response

In 2021, ADB disbursed $684 million to Sri Lanka and committed $460 million in project lending. The technical assistance commitments totaled $3.95 million. ADB continued to provide support to strengthen the government’s response to COVID-19 pandemic, approving a $150 million loan to procure vaccines, strengthen the health information system, and build capacity for disease surveillance. An additional $110 million was approved to support an ongoing health project that was supported by an initial $50 million loan. The additional loan will fulfill a financing gap created by the reallocation of funds for COVID-19 interventions and scale up primary and secondary health care in certain provinces, improve the Government of Sri Lanka’s response capacity to COVID-19, and support e-learning in the health sector. The $200 million third tranche of a multitranche financing facility will upgrade and maintain rural roads to help advance rural economic and social development.

Knowledge Work

ADB launched a new knowledge program for Sri Lanka in 2021—the Serendipity Knowledge Program (SKOP) to promote knowledge sharing on economic and development issues affecting Sri Lanka and provide a platform for stakeholders to discuss these issues. SKOP covers knowledge products and events. It will be aligned with the country priorities identified in the country partnership strategy (CPS) for Sri Lanka, 2023–2027 that is being formulated. The first knowledge event under SKOP was held in October 2021 on integrated rural development with discussions on key rural development challenges and solutions from the experiences of Sri Lanka and other countries.

Shareholding and Voting Power

Number of Shares Held
61,560 (0.58% of total shares)

Votes
100,674 (0.76% of total membership, 1.16% of total regional membership)

*Overall capital subscription
$861.58 million

*Paid-in capital subscription
$43.09 million

* United States dollar figures are valued at rate as of 31 December 2021.


ADB Governor: M. U. M. Ali Sabry
ADB Alternate Governor: K. M. Mahinda Siriwardana
ADB Director: Kisun Bang (Republic of Korea)
ADB Alternate Director: Yu-Peng (James) Tseng (Taipei,China)

Financing Partnerships

Financing partnerships enable ADB’s partner governments or their agencies, multilateral institutions, and private organizations to participate in ADB projects. The additional funds may be in the form of loans and grants, technical assistance, and nonsovereign cofinancing.

Cumulative cofinancing commitments in Sri Lanka:

  • Sovereign cofinancing: $1.43 billion for 43 investment projects and $32.31 million for 43 technical assistance projects since 1972
  • Nonsovereign cofinancing: $5.01 billion for 5 investment projects since 2004

In 2021, Sri Lanka received a $3 million grant cofinancing from the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction for the Health System Enhancement Project - Additional Financing.

Future Directions

ADB’s assistance will focus on macroeconomic management to ensure debt sustainability, fostering private sector development, rural development, skills development, small and medium-sized enterprises, social protection, and renewable energy, among others. ADB will provide sovereign and nonsovereign investments, capacity building, and knowledge to help Sri Lanka recover from the COVID-19 pandemic and lay a strong foundation for inclusive and sustainable development. ADB’s investments and knowledge work aim to strengthen the country’s growth drivers by promoting economic diversification, supporting human capital development, enhancing productivity, and fostering inclusiveness to improve the quality of growth.

In consultation with the government, ADB is preparing a new CPS for Sri Lanka, 2023–2027 that will support post-pandemic recovery and address constraints to growth. The knowledge plan under the new CPS will guide ADB’s knowledge support to the country.

This article was originally published in the ADB and Sri Lanka: Fact Sheet. Updated yearly, this ADB Fact Sheet provides concise information on ADB's operations in the country and contact information.

Contacts

Sri Lanka Resident Mission
Asian Development Bank
23, Independence Avenue
Colombo 7,
Sri Lanka
  Tel: +94 11 267 4499
  Fax: ++94 11 267 4488
 Email

Ministry of Finance
The Secretariat, Lotus Road
Colombo 1,
Sri Lanka
  Tel: +94 112 484 500
  Fax: +94 112 449 823
 Email

Latest on Sri Lanka

ADB President Reaffirms Support for Sri Lanka’s Recovery

10 Mar 2022 | News Release

ADB President Reaffirms Support for Sri Lanka’s Recovery

ADB President Masatsugu Asakawa and Sri Lanka President Gotabaya Rajapaksa met in Colombo. In the meeting, Mr. Asakawa reaffirmed ADB’s support for Sri Lanka’s recovery path from the COVID-19 pandemic.  

ADB Partners with John Keells Holdings to Boost Food Value Chains and Farm Livelihoods in Sri Lanka

17 Dec 2021 | News Release

ADB Partners with John Keells Holdings to Boost Food Value Chains and Farm Livelihoods in Sri Lanka

The Asian Development Bank entered into an agreement to invest up to $80 million in John Keells Holdings PLC to boost the country’s food value chain and promote economic growth and job creation.

It’s time to stem the tide of women’s under-employment

13 Jan 2020 | Blog Entry

It’s time to stem the tide of women’s under-employment

In Sri Lanka, efforts need to be made to promote science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education for girls to support their employment potential.

Building Skills and Future of Sri Lanka’s Youth

08 Jul 2022 | Video

Building Skills and Future of Sri Lanka’s Youth

ADB’s Skills Sector Enhancement Program (SSEP) in Sri Lanka supports the government’s program to improve the technical and vocational education and training system (TVET). It contributes to building Sri Lanka’s human capital development.