Tajikistan and ADB

ADB’s partnership with Tajikistan focuses on improving the quality of the country’s economic growth by supporting government efforts to increase productivity and mobilize private investments.

ADB's Work in Tajikistan   Download Fact Sheet

Tajikistan’s economic growth had been robust in the 2 decades leading to 2019, averaging 7.6%, before the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic cut the growth to 4.5% in 2020. In 2021, growth rebounded to a reported 9.2%. To promote sustainability, the country requires more private investment and efficient allocation and rationalization of public finance through structural reforms. More jobs must be created and labor productivity must be enhanced by developing human capital. Regional cooperation and trade is also critical to overcoming the limitations of Tajikistan’s geography. Responding to climate change is another important issue, given Tajikistan’s vulnerability to natural hazards.

ADB has partnered with Tajikistan since 1998 and is now the country’s largest multilateral development partner. Under the bank’s country partnership strategy for 2021-2025, ADB operations in Tajikistan pursue three strategic priorities—supporting structural reforms to enhance resource allocation and mobilization, improving labor productivity through human capital development, and fostering better livelihoods through investment in a land-linked economy.

To date, ADB has committed 146 public sector loans, grants, and technical assistance totaling $2.2 billion to Tajikistan. Cumulative loan and grant disbursements to Tajikistan amount to $1.58 billion. These were financed by concessional ordinary capital resources, the Asian Development Fund, and other special funds. ADB’s ongoing sovereign portfolio in Tajikistan includes 3 loans and 21 grants worth $943.2 million.

In 2021, ADB approved a $30 million grant for Tajikistan to modernize the Yovon irrigation and drainage system in the lower Vakhsh river basin, which will boost agricultural productivity and women’s participation in land and water management.

Nonsovereign operations. Total outstanding balances and undisbursed commitments of ADB’s nonsovereign transactions in Tajikistan as of 31 December 2021 was $1.55 million representing 0.01% of ADB’s total private sector portfolio.

Operational challenges. As of 31 December 2021, the implementation of 13 out of 17 ADB projects were on track, but the COVID-19 pandemic posed a challenge in project implementation—highlighting the critical role of the resident mission. Challenges also remain in project design and ownership, and in securing resources for maintenance of rehabilitated facilities. To address these issues, ADB and the Government of Tajikistan are working to improve quality-at-entry for projects, enhancing procurement and disbursement capacities, strengthening country processes, and promoting financial sustainability of investments.

Mountains of the Rasht region, Tajikistan.

Mountains of the Rasht region, Tajikistan. Photo: ADB

COVID-19 Response

In 2020 and 2021, ADB assisted the country to overcome the COVID-19 pandemic, including budget support to strengthen the health system, expand social assistance for poor and vulnerable groups, ensure food security, and safeguard small businesses. ADB also delivered urgent medical supplies and personal protective equipment for health care staff.

In 2021, over 3.3 million doses of ADB-funded COVID-19 vaccines with safety boxes and syringes were delivered to Tajikistan and transported to health facilities around the country. ADB also provided capacity building for staff at the Ministry of Health and Social Protection of the Population to strengthen the vaccination program and gender- and age-sensitive outreach and training.

Knowledge Work

ADB knowledge support for Tajikistan is aligned with the country partnership strategy’s focus areas—offering solutions for market-based transition of economic activities, the creation of competitive markets, private sector development, and inclusive growth. In 2021, ADB produced the Tajikistan Transport Sector Assessment and the Climate Risk Country Profile for Tajikistan. An impact evaluation of various ADB interventions for maternal and child health is underway. ADB aims to support an up-to-date sector assessment of general secondary education and a national urban assessment to guide investments for urban development. In addition, ADB assists in enhancing a road asset management system and road safety measures to ensure safety and reliability.

Shareholding and Voting Power

Number of Shares Held
30,402 (0.29% of total shares)

69,516 (0.52% of total membership, 0.8% of total regional membership)

*Overall capital subscription
$425.5 million

*Paid-in capital subscription
$21.33 million

* United States dollar figures are valued at rate as of 31 December 2021.

ADB Governor: Davlatali S. Said
ADB Alternate Governor: Sadi Qodirzoda
ADB Director: Sameer Kumar Khare (India)
ADB Alternate Director: Md. Azizul Alam (Bangladesh)

Financing Partnerships

Financing partnerships enable ADB’s partner governments or their agencies, multilateral institutions, and private organizations to participate in ADB projects. The additional funds may be in the form of loans and grants, technical assistance, and nonsovereign cofinancing.

Cumulative cofinancing commitments in Tajikistan:

  • Sovereign cofinancing: $$330.77 million for 23 investment projects and $20.4 million for 21 technical assistance projects since 2000
  • Nonsovereign cofinancing: $11.69 million for 1 investment project since 2004

Future Directions

Under the country partnership strategy 2021-2025, ADB will support structural reforms to attract more foreign and domestic private investors. To improve labor productivity, ADB will continue to support education and market-relevant skills development and strengthen health services and social protection. To enhance livelihoods and food security, ADB will support agricultural production and natural resources management, improve urban services in Dushanbe and secondary cities, tap Tajikistan’s tourism potential, and develop roads connecting rural and urban areas with neighboring countries. ADB will also address climate change and promote gender equality and regional cooperation and integration in its operations, while developing its private sector operations.

This article was originally published in the ADB and Tajikistan: Fact Sheet. Updated yearly, this ADB Fact Sheet provides concise information on ADB's operations in the country and contact information.


Tajikistan Resident Mission
Asian Development Bank
45, Sovetskaya Street
Dushanbe 734001, Tajikistan
  Tel: +992 37 2210558
  Fax: +992 372 289128

Executive Office of the President
80, Rudaki Avenue
Dushanbe 734001, Tajikistan
  Tel: +992 372 215 956

Latest on Tajikistan

Maximizing the Potential of Central Asia’s Horticulture Exports to the PRC

| Blog Entry

Maximizing the Potential of Central Asia’s Horticulture Exports to the PRC

Horticulture exports have a great potential to boost economic activity, especially in the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC)

Five Things to Know About the Future of Energy in Central Asia

| Article

Five Things to Know About the Future of Energy in Central Asia

The CAREC Energy Outlook 2030 provides critical insights on the region’s energy future by analyzing the energy landscape and market trends in member countries of the CAREC Program.

{ title }}

| Photo Essay

Opening Doors to Jobs for Tajikistan’s Adults and Young People

Recognizing that a well-functioning technical and vocational education system is important for economic development and social inclusion, the Government of Tajikistan has committed to improve the skills training system in the country.

$50 Million ADB Grant to Strengthen Finance Sector and Fiscal Management in Tajikistan

| News Release

$50 Million ADB Grant to Strengthen Finance Sector and Fiscal Management in Tajikistan

ADB has approved a $50 million grant to help the Government of Tajikistan enhance banking sector stability, boost the nonbanking finance sector, and strengthen fiscal management.