Tonga and ADB
In the Spotlight
Since the 1970s, ADB has been helping Tonga connect to the rest of the world, first through telephone infrastructure and today via high-speed internet access. This complements the work being done to improve government finances, build critical infrastructure, and increase resilience to climate change and extreme weather events.
Pacific economies are looking to overcome their remoteness through telecommunications technology, improved transport networks, and greater private investment and competition, says a new ADB report.
Renewable energy and improvements to energy efficiency provide opportunities to lower cost, enhance energy security, and decrease emissions in Tonga.
This country brief summarizes how the partnership of ADB and the Tonga government has helped to reduce poverty and is aiding in the country's recovery from the global economic crisis.
The economy of Tonga is highly dependent on subsistence agriculture, extremely vulnerable to natural hazards, and heavily reliant on external income (donor aid and remittances). Its medium-term development depends on the continued implementation of structural reforms to improve productivity, remove bottlenecks to growth, and strengthen macroeconomic resilience.
ADB and other development partners are working closely with the government to implement a multiyear joint policy reform matrix , which will ensure that Tonga’s development priorities are addressed and policy reforms are realized. The medium-term policy goals for the government include maintaining macroeconomic stability—particularly in light of high public debt—and improving economic management. Policy reforms also seek to achieve sustained economic growth led by the private sector, while maintaining the country’s health and education standards.
Projects in Tonga
Average annual population growth rate in Tonga (2011-2016)
Population living below the national poverty line in Tonga (2015)Refers to preliminary/interim figures; or refers to periods before 2010.
Maternal mortality ratio in Tonga, per 100,000 live births (2015)
Population in Tonga, in millions (2016)