Tonga and ADB
In the Spotlight
Renewable energy and improvements to energy efficiency provide opportunities to lower cost, enhance energy security, and decrease emissions in Tonga.
The Nuku’alofa Urban Development Sector Project in Tonga is providing high-priority urban infrastructure identified in the Nuku’alofa Urban Infrastructure Development Plan. The project is also strengthening the policy environment for the delivery of urban services.
The Green Climate Fund (GCF) has approved funding to support a proposed ADB program that will assist seven Pacific island countries to transition to a renewable energy future.
The economy of Tonga is highly dependent on subsistence agriculture, extremely vulnerable to natural hazards, and heavily reliant on external income (donor aid and remittances). Its medium-term development depends on the continued implementation of structural reforms to improve productivity, remove bottlenecks to growth, and strengthen macroeconomic resilience.
ADB and other development partners are working closely with the government to implement a multiyear joint policy reform matrix , which will ensure that Tonga’s development priorities are addressed and policy reforms are realized. The medium-term policy goals for the government include maintaining macroeconomic stability—particularly in light of high public debt—and improving economic management. Policy reforms also seek to achieve sustained economic growth led by the private sector, while maintaining the country’s health and education standards.
Projects in Tonga
Population in Tonga, in millions (2016)
Population living below the national poverty line in Tonga (2015)Refers to preliminary/interim figures; or refers to periods before 2010.
Maternal mortality ratio in Tonga, per 100,000 live births (2015)
Average annual population growth rate in Tonga (2011-2016)