Vanuatu and ADB
In the Spotlight
The Port Vila Urban Development Project in Vanuatu is improving drainage, roads, and sanitation systems in and around Port Vila.
Mapping Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations in Asia and the Pacific: Development Challenges in Vanuatu
Vanuatu exited ADB’s list of fragile and conflict-affected situations in 2013; however, ADB continues to pay attention to the country’s fragility issues. Due to rapidly increasing population dispersed across many islands and a narrow economic base, it is difficult for development benefits to reach the rural areas where 80% of Vanuatu’s population lives.
With average growth in the Pacific now projected at 2.7% in 2016 and 3.3% in 2017, the lowest since the global financial and economic crisis, policies to reinvigorate and sustain economic activity need to be prioritized, according to the December 2016 issue of the Pacific Economic Monitor.
The Vanuatu country operations business plan (COBP) 2017–2019 is aligned with the strategic priorities of the Pacific Approach, 2016–2020; the Midterm Review of Strategy 2020; and the government’s Priorities and Action Agenda, 2006–2015, along with Vanuatu’s infrastructure strategic investment plan and national energy road map.
Vanuatu has posted strong economic performance in recent years, driven primarily by tourism, construction, and aid inflows from development partners. However, key constraints to implementing assistance programs persist. These include the country’s remoteness, small market size, underdeveloped institutions, and limited absorptive capacity. The rural economy is primarily agrarian, with largely subsistence farming, aside from some copra, beef, cocoa, and kava produced for export.
The country operations business plan (COBP), 2017-2019 for Vanuatu is aligned with the government’s Priorities and Action Agenda, 2006-2015, infrastructure strategic investment plan, and national energy road map. ADB operations support energy, transport, water and other urban infrastructure and services, and public sector management.
Projects in Vanuatu
- Supporting the Vanuatu Project Management Unit and the Ministry of Infrastructure and Public Utilities
- Port Vila Urban Development Project (additional financing)
- Institutional Strengthening for Environmental Safeguards in Vanuatu
- Cyclone Pam Road Reconstruction Project
- Cyclone Pam School Reconstruction Project
Maternal mortality ratio in Vanuatu, per 100,000 live births (2015)
Population living below the national poverty line in Vanuatu (2010)
Average annual population growth rate in Vanuatu (2010-2015)
Population in Vanuatu, in millions (2015)