Supply and Use Tables for Selected DMCs | Asian Development Bank

Supply and Use Tables for Selected DMCs

RETA 6483 aims to help participating economies adopt the Supply and Use Table (SUT) framework toward implementing the 1993 System of National Accounts, and achieve minimum compliance and scope requirements. It is hoped that by employing the SUT framework a comprehensive assessment of data gaps can be made and an integrated model for generating SNA 93-based GDP can be developed which will provide more reliable GDP estimates for informed policy and decision making.

Related Documents

The 1993 System of National Accounts (SNA 93) was introduced some 15 years ago but still much has to be done for countries in Asia and the Pacific to fully implement and subscribe to its recommendation.  In the recently concluded 2005 ICP Asia Pacific, it was found that only four of the twenty one participating DMCs, reported full implementation of the 1993 System of National Accounts (SNA 93).   Data inadequacy is reportedly the main impediment to implementing SNA 93.

Recognizing that consistent and internationally comparable estimates of GDP and its aggregates are necessary, among others, for monitoring levels of poverty, the Asian Development Bank is currently implementing RETA 6483.  Its main objective is to assist participating DMCs in increasing their compliance with SNA 93 recommendations by adopting the Supply and Use (SU) Framework.  It is hoped that by employing the SU Tables framework a comprehensive assessment of data gaps can be made and an integrated model for generating SNA 93-based GDP can be developed.  The RETA is expected to increase the implementation of international standards in macroeconomic statistics, with particular focus on national accounts, by improving compliance with the 1993 SNA. This will allow more reliable GDP estimates for informed policy and decision making.

The governance framework establishes institutional responsibilities and organizational arrangements between ADB as the regional coordinating agency and the agency in charge of national accounts compilation, usually the national statistical agencies which are the RETA National Implementing Agencies (NIAs).

The Development Indicators and Policy Research Division (ERDI), Economic Research Department of the Asian Development Bank, is the lead executing unit responsible for the overall coordination, accountability, implementation, and day-to-day activities of RETA 6483 while the NIAs of the 18 participating DMCs implement their respective national programs in accordance with the agreed regional work plan.

Objective

The primary objective of the RETA is to increase participating DMCs' compliance with SNA 93 that will help them acquire more reliable, accurate and comparable data for monitoring the achievement of the millennium development goal (MDG) related to poverty and for measuring economic output.  The RETA specifically aims to:

  • Establish the supply and use framework for data gap assessment and GDP estimation based on the 1993 SNA;
  • Identify appropriate administrative data sources in addition to survey data for SUT construction;
  • Develop a framework to derive sufficiently detailed expenditure weights such as those required for PPP compilation; and
  • Improve technical expertise and expose national accountants in the DMCs to alternative approaches for compiling consistent GDP aggregates based on the 1993 SNA.

Scope

  • Construction of the supply and use framework which involves the review of concepts, methodologies and recommendations of the 1993 SNA; and assessment of the status of national accounts of participating DMCs.
  • Review of available data from countries and identify administrative data sources in addition to survey data for the construction of supply and use tables.
  • Organization of regional training programs courses, and/or workshops involving NSOs and related agencies on the compilation of national accounts statistics with particular focus on the minimum requirement datasets.
  • Development of the framework to derive sufficiently detailed expenditure weights.  At the very least, this will include the 155 Basic Headings included in the 2005 ICP.
  • Finalization of estimates and publication of SUTs and minimum requirement datasets by selected DMCs. 

Delivery of these outputs will ensure that participating DMCs acquire more reliable and accurate data for monitoring the achievement of MDGs related to poverty and measuring economic output. Upon the successful completion of the RETA, selected DMCs will be in a better position to take on the additional challenges of the SNA 2008 (previously termed 1993 SNA revision 1).

To ensure timely submission of outputs, ADB and the NIAs are working based on an agreed schedule of activities, meetings, training, and workshops as follows:

2012 Activities

National Accounts Training
19-21 March 2012, Siem Reap, Cambodia, Attended by 41 participants

To further enhance knowledge and skills in practical methods of estimating gross domestic expenditures in compliance with the 1993 System of National Accounts; and splitting expenditure values by basic heading, the ADB conducted the National Accounts Training. A demonstration on how distortions in GDP weights at the basic heading level can affect PPPs was made to emphasize the importance of providing correct GDP weights.

 

Workshop Proceedings
Highlight
Annex 1: List of Participants
Annex 2: Agenda
Annex 3: FISIM and SD
Annex 4: GO Quality Assurance Framework Summary
Annex 5: Revised Quality Assurance Framework

2011 Activities

Conference on Developments of Supply and Use Table in Asia and the Pacific
12-13 July 2011, ADB Headquarters, Manila

The Conference is the first international gathering on Supply and Use Tables (SUT) organized by ADB for Asia and the Pacific. Heads of national statistical offices, national accounts experts, statisticians, and economists from international organizations and development partners met to present and discuss the SUTs of 18 ADB member economies; as well as users' perspectives on SUT applications.

Workshop Proceedings NIA Papers Presentations
Highlights
Agenda
List of Participants
Australia
Bangladesh
Bhutan
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
China, People's Republic of
Fiji
India
Indonesia
Lao, PDR
Macao, China
Malaysia
Maldives
Mongolia
Myanmar
Nepal
Pakistan
Philippines
Singapore
Sri Lanka
Taipei,China
Thailand
Viet Nam
SUTs: For Greater Consistency and Comparability of GDP Expenditures in the ICP
Sub-Regional Analysis: High Income
Sub-Regional Analysis: Mekong
Sub-Regional Analysis: South Asia
Sub-Regional Analysis: South East Asia
Economic Modeling and Analysis
Discussant's Comments : Economic Modelling
Discussant's Comments : International Trade Patterns
Discussant's Comments : High Income
Discussant's Comments : Mekong
Discussant's Comments : South Asia
Discussant's Comments : Australia

Dissemination Meeting for Heads of National Implementing Agencies on Results of RETA 6483
11 July 2011, ADB Headquarters, Manila

Heads of NIAs and their representatives joined the meeting which presented the Supply and Use Tables (SUT) of 18 participating economies. The first integrated approach to SUT estimation in Asia and the Pacific was implemented under RETA 6483 through a phased-approach strategy.

Workshop Proceedings Presentation Materials
Highlights
Agenda
Participants
Session 2. Implementation of RETA's Activities
Session 3. SUT Framework
Session 4. SUT Findings and Results

 

Conference on Developments in the ICP in Asia and the Pacific
9-10 March 2011, ADB Headquarters, Manila, attended by 75 participants

The conference is a venue for heads of national implementing agencies national coordinators, statisticians, and economists from national and international organizations to come together to present and discuss the methodology and results of the research initiatives on the 20 09 Pur chasing Power Parity update and developments in the ICP.

Workshop Proceedings Presentation/Reference Materials

Highlights
Annex 1 – Agenda
Annex 2 – Participants

Session 2.1 Asia Update Methodology Core List Approach
Session 2.1 Building Core Product List--Comments
Session 2.1 Updating 2005 PPP to 2009 in the AP Region Methodology and Empirical Results
Session 2.2 Alternative Approach to Construction--Comments
Session 2.2 Construction PPPs
Session 3 ICP CPI Integration and Subnational PPPs for the Philippines--Comments
Session 3 Subnational PPP Philippines
Session 3 Towards Integration of ICP and CPI
Session 4 1993 SNA Implementation and SUT in Asia and the Pacific--Comments
Session 4 1993 SNA Implementation and Supply and Use Tables in Asia and the Pacific
Session 4 SUT Implementation in Asia Pacific
Session 5 2009 PPP Updates
Session 6.1 ICP Statistical Capacity Building
Session 6.2 Ensuring Parity in the Region--Presentation
Session 6.2 Ensuring Parity in the Region
Session 6.3 Challenges in ICP-Africa Implementation
Session 6.4 Developments in the Implementation of ICP ESCWA
Session 6.5 Implementing ICP in Jordan
Session 6.6 ICP 2011 Challenges Global Office

Technical Workshop: Preliminary Supply and Use Tables of Selected DMCs
24-28 January 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Workshop Background:

Eighteen economies attended the Workshop organized by ERDI to conduct technical review of the preliminary Supply and Use Tables (SUT). The Workshop served as a venue to resolve outstanding issues prior to the release of the final SUTs; and agreed on the level of details including plan for publication of results.

Workshop Proceedings ADB Presentations Country Presentations and Comments

Agenda
Highlights
Appendix 1. List of Participants
Appendix 2. Issues: FISIM and Others
Appendix 3. Compilation of Responses
Appendix 4. Regional Report Outline
Appendix 5. Abridge Table: Summary
Appendix 6. Abridge Table: 28 X 23
Appendix 7. Country Report Outline Agenda

Overview and Progress
Updating the Benchmark SUT
Updation of SUT: India
GFCF in SUT
GVA Components: Production Taxes
Government CFC

Bangladesh
Presentation | Comments
Bhutan
Presentation | Comments
Brunei Darussalam
Presentation | Comments
Cambodia
Presentation | Comments
China, People's Republic of
Presentation | Comments
Fiji
Presentation | Comments
Hong Kong, China
Presentation | Comments
India
Presentation | Comments
Indonesia
Presentation | Comments
Malaysia
Presentation | Comments
Maldives
Presentation | Comments
Mongolia
Presentation | Comments
Nepal
Presentation | Comments
Singapore
Presentation | Comments
Sri Lanka
Presentation | Comments
Taipei,China
Presentation | Comments
Thailand
Presentation | Comments
Viet Nam
Presentation | Comments

Presentation of Preliminary Results
24-28 January 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The ERDI will hold the workshop to present and discuss the supply and use tables of each participating economy and to resolve outstanding issues prior to the release of the final results.  About thirty-five participants coming from 17 economies are expected to grace the occasion.

2010 Activities

Technical Review and Evaluation Workshop on the Preliminary Supply and Use Tables
9-12 August, ADB Headquarters, Manila, Philippines, Attended by 34 participants
The four-day workshop brought together 17 DMCs to deliberate on the preliminary results of the Supply and Use Tables (SUT) of each economy; perform inter-country validation of analytical ratios and margins (including trade and transport margins); provide technical assistance in checking countries' estimates; and resolve outstanding issues and concerns raised related to country presentations and estimation of the supply and use tables. Two sessions were devoted to discussing selected performance indicators that can be derived from the SUT and their uses in the required national accounts framework for the 2011 International Comparison Program.

Workshop Proceedings ADB Presentation and Reference Materials Country Presentations

Highlights
Agenda
List of Participants

Workshop Overview
Progress to Date
Recap 3DRW
Trade and Transport Margin
Selected Performance Indicators
Issues from Country Presentations
National Accounts in ICP

Bangladesh
Bhutan
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
China, People's Republic of
Hong Kong, China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Maldives
Mongolia
Nepal
Singapore
Sri Lanka
Thailand
Viet Nam

Third Data Review Workshop
6-9 April, Siem Reap, Cambodia, Attended by 27 participants
The workshop was conducted to specifically assess the status of Supply and Use Table (SUT) compilation and to provide the necessary assistance to 14 participating DMCs. The Four-day Workshop covered of the review of salient points (concepts and recommendations) discussed during the Second DRW; country presentations; and, discussion and resolution of concerns/issues/clarifications related to the first three stages of SUT compilation. Resource persons/consultant conducted lectures on value added components; adjustments for freight and insurance on imports; the Minimum Required Data Sets (MRDS) to provide guidance in constructing the balanced SUT and meeting the MRDS. Preliminary diagnostics for intra- (within) and inter- (across) country comparisons of structures and margins were also explained to assist countries in evaluating their preliminary SUTs. Towards the end, the set of deliverables were agreed upon.

Workshop Proceedings ADB Presentation and Reference Materials Country Presentations

Workshop Reports Parts 1-3
Appendix 1
Appendix 2
Appendix 3
Appendix 4
Appendix 5
Appendix 6
Appendix 7.1
Appendix 7.2
Appendix 7.3
Appendix 7.4
Appendix 7.5
Appendix 7.6
Appendix 7.7
Appendix 7.8
Appendix 8

Workshop Overview
Value Added Components
Employer's Social Contributions
Minimum Required Data Sets
Outline of Country Report
Deliverables
Numerical Illustration - C.I.F/F.O.B Adjustment
Numerical Illustration - Trade and Transport Margin
Sample Questionnaire - MRDS Tables 1.1; 2.1 and 2.3

Bangladesh
Bhutan
Cambodia
China, People's Republic of
Fiji
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Maldives
Mongolia
Nepal
Sri Lanka
Viet Nam

2009 Activities

Second Data Review Workshop
7-12 December, Bangkok, Thailand,  Attended by 22 participants

The workshop was conducted to assess current compilation status of the Supply and Use Table (SUT). The agenda included: country presentations highlighting issues/concerns/clarifications on estimating the supply table and Gross Output and Intermediate Consumption matrices; presentation and discussion on the methodology for the next stage of SUT construction on the Use Table covering valuation matrices; trade and transport margins; c.i.f/f.o.b. adjustment; balancing techniques; and the simplified RAS.  Accounting for the informal sector and how to measure and allocate Financial Intermediation Services Indirectly Measured (FISIM) to intermediate consumption and final demand were also discussed.

Workshop Proceedings ADB Presentation and Reference Materials Country Presentations

Workshop Reports
Agenda
List of Participants

Workshop Overview
Machinery and Equipment
Government in ICP
International Projects to Measure Informal Sector Employment and Output
Accounting for the Informal Sector in SNA
SUT Adjustment Items
Taxes and Subsidies on Production
Trade Margins and Transport Costs
Practical Experiences: Converting Supply at Basic Prices to Purchaser's Prices
Trade Margins
Financial Intermediation Services Indirectly Measured (FISIM)
RAS Method, D. Blades
RAS Method, E. Capilit
ADB SUT Bridge Tables

Bangladesh
Bhutan
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
Hong Kong, China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Maldives
Mongolia
Nepal
Singapore
Sri Lanka
Taipei,China
Thailand
Viet Nam

First Data Review Workshop
13-17 July, ADB Headquarters, Manila, Philippines, Attended by 29 participants
The workshop was convened to discuss the preliminary results; list of data sources; compilation methodology; and the proposed solution to issues and problems encountered in compiling the preliminary Gross Output and Intermediate Consumption Matrices. Twenty-nine participants from 15 participating DMCs attended the workshop and countries presented their experiences in compiling the GO and IC matrices. The supply and use framework and its final demand components and imports were also deliberated upon for guidance in estimating final demand vectors/matrices for the supply and use table (SUT).

Workshop Proceedings ADB Presentation and Reference Materials Country Presentations

Highlights
Annex 1
Annex 2

Workshop Overview
Final Consumption Expenditure
Gross Capital Formation
Imports and Exports
Day 1 and 2
Day 3

Bangladesh
Bhutan
Cambodia
China, People's Republic of
Fiji
Hong Kong, China
India
Indonesia
Malaysia
Maldives
Mongolia
Nepal
Sri Lanka
Thailand
Viet Nam

Inception Workshop
10-13 February, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Attended by 23 participants
This workshop which formally launched RETA 6483 was attended by national accountants from twenty participating DMCs.  The meeting assessed the current status of 1993 SNA implementation; identified challenges on supply and use table compilation, including data gaps; and, identified ways and means to address these data gaps. Project deliverables and timelines were agreed upon.

Workshop Proceedings ADB Presentation and Reference Materials

Highlights
List of Participants
Inception Agenda
Worksheet for Stock of Dwellings
Regional Work Plan 2010
Deliverables

Workshop Overview
ADB Presentation
Basic Framework
SUT Data Sources
SUT Data Requirements
Table 15.1. Supply of products at basic prices and use of products at purchasers prices
Table 15.2. Supply and use: trade and transport margins, taxes and subsidies on intermediate and final use of products)
Imputed Rents for Dwellings
User Cost Approach
User Cost Method
User Cost: Three Refinements
Development of the SNA
Framework of Partnership

Methods

Several strategies are being adopted to ensure that the outputs are delivered on time and that countries receive the necessary technical assistance when needed.

  • Development of prototype matrices for SUT compilation and all correspondence tables.  Uniform international standard classification based on the 1993 SNA recommendations will be observed.

Supply and Use Table with 51 products and 32 industries

  • Product Classification using Central Product Classification version 1.1
  • Industries breakdown based on International Standard Industry Classification Rev. 3.1
  • Expenditure items classified by function

Correspondence Tables for reconciling the 51 products to expenditure items based on the following international classification systems:

  • Household Final Consumption Expenditure (HFCE)  by Classification of Expenditure According to Purpose (COICOP)
  • Non-profit Institution Serving Household (NPISH) by Classification of Purpose of NPISH (COPNI)
  • Government Consumption Expenditure (GCE) by Classification of Function of Government (COFOG)
  • External Trade (Export and Imports) by Harmonized System 2002 (HS)
  • Compilation of the SUT is divided into several stages to estimate and compile the following using the standard format developed by ADB for each stage:
    • Stage 1.  Compilation of Gross Output and Intermediate Consumption  matrices
    • Stage 2. Construction of Final demand matrix (Household, NPISH and Government Consumption, Capital formation) and Import of Goods and Services vector
    • Stage 3.  Estimation of Valuation adjustments (Trade and Transport Margins, Taxes less Subsidies on Products and C.I.F/F.O.B adjustment on Imports
    • Stage 4. Compilation of Uses of value added matrix (Compensation, Taxes and other taxes on production less subsidies and Gross Operating Surplus) and Balancing of complete table and the preliminary complete table of SUT
    • Stage 5.  Validation of country’s preliminary estimates
    • Stage 6.  Finalization of SUTs 
  • The periodic conduct of data review workshops and training where countries and experts discuss issues and concerns related to the compilation of SUT matrices and in meeting the minimum required datasets.  The workshops are programmed such that each is designed to address issues/concerns and recommend solutions at each stage of SUT compilation.  
  • Preparation of diagnostics for intra- and inter-country validation of analytical ratios and margins derived from the SUTs.  The comparison of these analytical ratios and margins will assist countries in checking and validating their estimates.

Software

Microsoft excel is the application software mainly used in developing the matrix and correspondence tables spreadsheet.  Further, it is used in the balancing of the complete table using the RAS method. The automatic adjustment procedure (simple RAS) is a tool used to eliminate product discrepancies between supply and demand.

Expected Output

  • Uniform 51x32  Supply and Use tables, preferably for 2005 or any recent year for which countries have results of an economic census or other industrial surveys
  • Data sources and methodological procedures and framework for each country that will ensure sustainability and transfer of knowledge among national accountants in the DMCs.
  • Tables 1.1, 2.1 and 2.3  of the minimum required datasets for selected DMCs. (GDP estimates by production, expenditure and income approach)
  • Framework that will provide expenditure weights of the national accounts for 155 basic headings and will allow PPP-based cross-country comparisons on a regular basis.
  • Publication of the final report on SUT

Output to Date (as of January 2011)

  • Preliminary Gross Output at basic or producers prices and Intermediate Consumption at purchasers’ prices matrices. 
  • Final demand matrix (Household, NPISH and Government Consumption, Capital formation) and Import of Goods and Services vector.
  • Valuation adjustments (Trade and Transport Margins, Taxes less Subsidies on Products and C.I.F/F.O.B adjustment on Imports.
  • Uses of value added matrix (Compensation, Taxes and other taxes on production less subsidies and Gross Operating Surplus) and Balancing of complete table and the preliminary complete SUT. 
  • Validated preliminary SUTs for discussion in the regional data review workshop in January 2011.
  • Data sources and methodological procedures and framework for 10 participating economies.
  • Partial Preliminary RETA Report

RETA 6483 Team

RETA 6483 National Implementing Agencies

NIAs National Coordinator
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics Mr. Tufail Ahmed
Statistical Officer
e-mail: [email protected]
National Statistical Bureau of Bhutan Mr. Sonam Lhaendup
Statistical Officer
e-mail: [email protected]
Department of Economic Planning & Development , Brunei Darussalam Ms. Hajah Norhaslina Tamin
Statistics Officer
e-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
National Institute of Statistics, Cambodia Mr. Vanndy Nor
Vice Chief , National Accounts Bureau
e-mail: [email protected]
National Bureau of Statistics of China Mr. Zhilong Peng
Director General, Department of National Accounts
e-mail: [email protected]
Fiji Bureau of Statistics Ms. Nilima Usharani Lal
Divisional Manager, Economic Statistics Division
e-mail: [email protected]
Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong Ms. Jasmin Lee Mun-yee
Statistician (National Income) 2
e-mail: [email protected]
Central Statistical Organisation, India Mr. A. C. Sharma
Deputy Director General
e-mail: [email protected]
BPS Statistics Indonesia Mr. Suprijanto
Chief, Production Accounts
e-mail: [email protected]
Department of Statistics, Malaysia Ms. Omi Kelsom Haji Elias
Senior Director, National Accounts Statistics Division
e-mail: [email protected]
Department of National Planning, Maldives Ms. Mariyam Niyaf
Assistant Director General
e-mail: [email protected]
National Statistical Office of Mongolia Ms. Badamtsetseg Batgarjal
Director, Macroeconomic Statistics Department
e-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
Central Bureau of Statistics, Nepal Mr. Suman Aryal
Director
e-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
Singapore Department of Statistics Mr. Teo Chok Sin (James)
Assistant Director, Input-Output Tables Section
e-mail:  [email protected]
Department of Census and Statistics, Sri Lanka Mr. Deliwala Gedara Sarath Gamini Munasinghe
Deputy Director, National Accounts Division
e-mail: [email protected]
Directorate General of Budget Accounting and Statistics, Taipei,China Ms. Mei-Na Tsai
Senior Executive Officer
e-mail: [email protected]
National Economic and Social Development Board, Thailand Mr. Surapol Srihuang
Policy and Plan Analyst (Professional Level)
e-mail: [email protected]
General Statistics Office, Viet Nam Mr. Duong Manh Hung
Deputy Director, National Accounts Department
e-mail: [email protected]