Addressing Water Security in the People’s Republic of China: The 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) and Beyond | Asian Development Bank

Addressing Water Security in the People’s Republic of China: The 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) and Beyond

Institutional Document | October 2016

The People’s Republic of China (PRC) is known as one of the most water-stressed countries in the world and must protect and develop its freshwater resources for continuing development.

Although accounting for about 20% of the global population, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) is endowed with only 7% of the world’s water resources. The country faces severe water scarcity, high levels of urbanization and population growth, and climate change. This publication provides recommended policy initiatives to ensure the PRC’s 13th Five-Year Plan (2016–2020) contributes to significant improvements in national water security, particularly in extreme water-scarce provinces. Some actions proposed for increased water security are better water resources management, more cross-sector planning, deeper reform of the water pricing system, and creation of water markets.

Contents 

  • Figures, Tables, and Boxes
  • Foreword
  • Acknowledgments
  • Abbreviations, Weights and Measures, Currency Equivalents
  • Executive Summary
  • Water Security and the 13th Five-Year Plan
  • Current Water Policy Context for the 13th Five-Year Plan
  • The 2030 Demand Dilemma
  • State of Water Security
  • Priority Actions for Increased Water Security Under the 13th Five-Year Plan
  • Issues for the Near Future:
  • The Water–Energy–Food Nexus