Cambodia: Country Poverty Analysis 2014 | Asian Development Bank

Cambodia: Country Poverty Analysis 2014

Institutional Document | December 2014

ADB’s poverty analysis for Cambodia includes an in-depth look at household debt and vulnerability, the multidimensional nature of poverty, and tools for targeting support to the poor.

Cambodia’s new national poverty lines show higher historical poverty rates and a dramatic decline in poverty during the 2007–2009 global financial crisis. With 18.9% of the population being poor in 2012, Cambodia now counts among the countries with the most rapid poverty reduction in the world. However, many people moved only slightly above the poverty line—remaining highly vulnerable—and poverty is increasing both in urban areas and according to the international poverty line of $2 per day.

This study belongs to the set of sector and thematic assessments that were prepared to inform the ADB Cambodia Country Partnership Strategy 2014–2018. This report serves as both a baseline for the new country partnership strategy and a reference for the poverty and social analysis that lies at the heart of ADB project design.

Contents 

  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction: A Demographic Update
  • A Profile of Income Poverty and Vulnerability
  • Non-Income Indicators: The Millennium Development Goals, the Multidimensional Poverty Index, and Subjective Well-Being
  • The New National Policy Framework for Poverty Reduction
  • Tools for Targeting Cambodia’s Poor and Vulnerable
  • Implications for the ADB Program in Cambodia
  • References