Country Assistance Program Evaluation for Tajikistan

Evaluation Document | 6 August 2014

This evaluation provides the first assessment of ADB strategies and programs in Tajikistan from 1998 to 2013 with the objective of improving the effectiveness of the development support ADB provides to the country. 

This country assistance program evaluation report provides the first assessment of the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) strategies and programs in Tajikistan during August 1998–October 2013. Its primary objective is to improve the effectiveness of the development support ADB provides to the country. Taking into account the economic, political, and development context in which the program was formulated and implemented, the evaluation aimed to (i) independently assess the performance of ADB assistance to the country, (ii) identify factors affecting this performance, and (iii) draw lessons and make recommendations on operational improvements for consideration in ADB’s forthcoming country partnership strategy for Tajikistan.

During the evaluation period, ADB approved 38 projects and programs worth about $1,035 million. About 95% of the initiatives approved were funded by the Asian Development Fund (ADF), and almost 61% of the funds were provided on a grant basis. Around 40% of the funds have been disbursed. Tajikistan’s performance-based allocation from the ADF ranged from $20 million to $53 million a year under ADF VII–XI. Nearly 42% of the total was allocated to the transport sector, followed by energy (24%), agriculture (9%), and public sector management (8%). Policy advice and capacity building formed an important component of ADB’s assistance program. These initiatives were supported by 69 technical assistance projects worth a total of $46.4 million.

The evaluation found plausible positive links between the development impacts of ADB’s programs and three key objectives of the ADB’s country strategies: (i) economic growth and poverty reduction, (ii) transition to a market economy, and (iii) regional cooperation. ADB supported economic growth and improved food security by financing physical and non-physical investments and strengthened the access of the poor to basic social services and markets. ADB supported Tajikistan’s transition to a market economy, and the country has made progress in this regard. Significant additional work is required, however, and Tajikistan’s ranking in the international business and investment climate surveys is still low. ADB support for regional cooperation facilitated trade in energy and other products, although political challenges to the ongoing projects may affect the impact and outcomes of ADB program. The evaluation rated the overall ADB program successful.


  • Executive Summary
  • Chapter 1: Introduction
  • Chapter 2: Country Context and Government Strategies and Plans
  • Chapter 3: ADB's Country Partnership Strategy and Program
  • Chapter 4: ADB's Role and Donor Coordination
  • Chapter 5: ADB's Development Contriution and Challenges
  • Chapter 6: Performance of ADB Program
  • Chapter 7: Issues, Lessons, and Recommendations
  • Appendixes