Malaysia: Country Operational Strategy Study

Institutional Document | December 1997

This document outlines the operational strategy of ADB in Malaysia.

In 2001, the Country Operational Strategy Study (COSS) was replaced by the Country Strategy and Program. Effective August 2006, the Country Strategy and Program was renamed Country Partnership Strategy.

The COSS was the primary country-specific document in ADB's planning and programming cycle and prepared in close consultation with developing member countries (DMCs) and other aid agencies. It was usually prepared once every 3 years and is revised, as necessary, in the last quarter of a year for guiding the succeeding year's operational decisions.

The COSS is anchored on strong sectoral analysis. It

  • provides the basis for determining ADB's country-specific, thematic, and sectoral priorities
  • provides a framework for country performance review
  • identifies and describes the distinctive role of ADB in the DMC in the context of the ADB's strategic objectives and the development priorities of the DMC
  • facilitates ADB's decisions regarding choices in its operational program in the DMC
  • provides the strategic framework to guide the preparation of the Country Assistance Plans


  • Executive Summary
  • Macroeconomic Setting
  • Development Issues and Constraints
  • The Government's Development Strategy
  • Review of Past Bank Strategy, Operations and External Assistance
  • The Bank's Future Operational Strategy
  • Appendixes

Additional Details

  • Malaysia

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