fbpx Experience with Donor Coordination: The Case of Water Supply and Sanitation in Sri Lanka | Asian Development Bank

Raising Development Impact through Evaluation

Experience with Donor Coordination: The Case of Water Supply and Sanitation in Sri Lanka

Evaluation Document | 2 October 2017

This joint review of Sri Lanka’s water supply and sanitation sector examined the sector’s development and outlined information and findings from performance evaluations and project interventions.

It also forms part of a growing body of knowledge that the Asian Development Bank, Japan International Cooperation Agency, and the World Bank Group continue to develop through project and program evaluations undertaken by their evaluation departments to assess the impact of project and program investments on national sector development outcomes. 

The findings are consistent with the recommendations of recent sector evaluations. Although there has been impressive progress in improving water and sanitation services, there remains a need for supporting ongoing efforts on policy and institutional reforms, particularly with respect to introducing independent regulation and attracting private sector participation in service provision. Strengthening coordination mechanisms between development partners and with the government can greatly enhance the prospects of achieving these objectives. 

Lack of coordination between government agencies, especially between water agencies and other sector agencies including the Road Development Authority presents significant challenges to optimizing sector development. Water supply and sewerage system development requires access to land and water, and negotiation with other ministries and agencies. This often requires considerable time and resources. The report argues that adopting formal coordination mechanisms between development partners and within the government itself will assist in infrastructure planning activities and in integrating the work of all concerned government agencies.

This report closes with a proposed preliminary water supply and sanitation sector development roadmap for consideration by the government. It was informed by the government and stakeholder consultation at the joint mission workshop.


  • Introduction
  • Country and Sector Context
  • ADB, JICA, and WBG Contribution
  • Evolution of Coordination Processes in the Water Suppy and Sanitation Sector
  • Conclusions, Lessons, and Next Steps
  • Appendixes