Fragile and Conflict-Affected Situations and Small Island Developing States Approach

Institutional Document | June 2021

The fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCAS) and small island developing states (SIDS) approach—or FSA—represents an improved way of doing business for ADB in its most vulnerable developing member countries.

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As this paper explains, the FSA introduces flexible processes and procedures that will allow ADB to tailor interventions to the specific challenges of developing member countries, with the goal of improving project results, and ultimately improving livelihoods. FCAS and SIDS face unique development challenges such as a greater need for governance and institutional capacity building, geographic isolation, small populations, narrow asset bases, and armed conflict.


  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Strategy 2030 Differentiated Approaches
  • Enhanced Operational Approaches
  • FCAS and SIDS Approach Action Plan, 2021–2025
  • Implementation
  • Appendixes

Additional Details

  • ADB administration and governance
  • Governance and public sector management
  • Fragile situations
  • Afghanistan
  • Cook Islands
  • Fiji
  • Kiribati
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Maldives
  • Marshall Islands
  • Micronesia, Federated States of
  • Myanmar
  • Nauru
  • Niue
  • Palau
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Samoa
  • Solomon Islands
  • Timor-Leste
  • Tonga
  • Tuvalu
  • Vanuatu
  • 70
  • 8.5 x 11
  • SPR210202-2
  • 978-92-9262-904-5 (print)
  • 978-92-9262-905-2 (electronic)
  • 978-92-9262-906-9 (ebook)

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