Gender and Development | Asian Development Bank

Gender and Development

Evaluation Document | 31 October 2001

This evaluation aims to learn lessons on how to improve project design and implementation to better address the needs of both women and men clients and to enhance projects

In 1998, ADB adopted a broader policy on gender and development aimed at mainstreaming gender considerations into all ADB activities, including economic, sector work, and lending.

This study examines the issues that influence the design and implementation of gender considerations in ADB-financed projects, and draws lessons and makes recommendations on how ADB can more effectively mainstream gender considerations into future operations. The evaluation's findings are based on case studies in Bangladesh, Nepal, and Vietnam.

Among the key lessons identified in this evaluation is that ADB should also assist in applied research, and publish research findings in national languages, to demonstrate to developing members countries that attention to gender is important for improving project effectiveness.

Project designs should be based on both strategic and practical gender objectives and requirements derived from feasibility studies. "The objectives and requirements should be realistic, and it should not be assumed that benefits will accrue to women without specific gender provisions," concludes the study.

Measures needed to increase gender awareness and compliance with the policy include the provision of adequate resources to enhance the capacity of ADB staff to supervise projects, provision of technical assistance programs to assist the policy in developing member countries, and training and skills building to operationalize the policy within ADB.


  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Study Findings on Project Case Studies
  • Key Issues and Lessons Learned
  • Lessons and Recommendations
  • Appendixes