Guidance Note: Irrigation Subsector Risk Assessment

Institutional Document | February 2015

The irrigation subsector is vulnerable to a broad range of risks that can threaten development effectiveness. This guidance note aims to explain key features of the irrigation subsector and identify entry points for mapping governance risks.

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Risks can arise from several factors: capital intensity and opportunities for large-scale procurement, particularly in surface irrigation; poor regulation; weak business processes and control systems; lack of capacity to manage shifting water resources, given uncertain water levels and climate change; fragmented water institutions; and political interference. Governance risk vulnerabilities can cut across policy formulation, regulation, planning, financial management, procurement, and subsector operations.

This guidance note offers a framework for mapping governance risks to inform the preparation of future country  partnership strategies, and supplements ADB’s Guidelines for Implementing the Second Governance and Anticorruption Action Plan.


  • Tables
  • Foreword
  • Abbreviations
  • The Guidance Note: Asian Development Bank Context
  • Irrigation: Significance and Challenges
  • Key Features of the Irrigation Subsector
  • Governance Risks
  • Glossary

Additional Details

  • Agriculture and natural resources
  • Agricultural and food productivity
  • Governance and public sector management
  • Anticorruption
  • Water
  • Water Resource Management
  • TIM125198

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