Indonesia: Country Gender Assessment | Asian Development Bank

Indonesia: Country Gender Assessment

Institutional Document | July 2006

Indonesia has made significant progress in improving the welfare of its citizens. However, while the nation addresses existing disparities, new obstacles that challenge the achievement of gender equality and equity in the sharing of development benefits among its people continue to unfold. Economic development is not sustainable without gender equality.

This country gender assessment (CGA) was jointly prepared by ADB, The Asia Foundation, Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the National Democratic Institute (NDI), and the World Bank, in close collaboration with the State Ministry for Women's Empowerment of the Republic of Indonesia. Initial stakeholder consultations identified four key themes for the CGA:

  • impact of the decentralization process on addressing gender issues in policies and programs at subnational level
  • women's inadequate representation in political decision-making
  • violence against women
  • women and international migration.

This report dedicates one chapter to each of these four key themes. Regional consultations were undertaken in North Sumatra, South Sulawesi, West Kalimantan, Papua, and the Special Territory of Yogyakarta to illustrate the diversity of Indonesia's social. economic and political setting. Consultative meetings were held at the province, district, and village levels.


  • Executive Summary
  • Gender Situation Analysis
  • Institutions and Policies for Gender Equity in Indonesia
  • Gender and Decentralization
  • Women's Voice in Policies and Decision Making
  • Violence Against Women
  • Women and International Migration
  • Findings and Recommendations
  • Appendixes