Indonesia: Vocational Education Strengthening Project

Evaluation Document | 18 August 2020

In 2008, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a loan of $80 million from its special fund resources for the Indonesia Vocational Education Strengthening Project (INVEST). The project was designed to improve the quality and relevance of the country’s senior secondary vocational education, expand access to it, and promote its greater efficiency. This project performance evaluation report updates the assessment of the project completion report (PCR) prepared in 2016. It describes recent evidence about the operation of the senior secondary vocational schools in Indonesia and outlines major changes taking place in the sector in the context of the country’s decentralized model of public sector management.

This evaluation assesses the project successful overall. It rates the project relevant, effective, and likely sustainable, though less than efficient. The development impact is satisfactory and the performance of both ADB and the executing agency are assessed satisfactory as well. The evaluation offers five follow-up actions for ADB to continue supporting technical and vocational education and training (TVET) operations, specifically senior secondary vocational education, by working with the  government to promote that (i) provincial education planners, school principals, and other concerned school administrators receive intensive hands-on training for making school business plans, and working with community members; (ii) tracer studies are conducted as appropriate; (iii) national and provincial government officers harmonize and coordinate vocational programs across provinces to respond specifically to the needs of labor markets across different levels; (iv) TVET policy nationally is clearly spelled out and that TVET schools are rationalized under a comprehensive plan covering their location, size, specialization, financial support, the role of private management, and school fees; and (v) support for the education management information system (EMIS) is made sustainable.