Kyrgyz Republic: Validation of Country Partnership Strategy Final Review, 2013–2017
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) country partnership strategy (CPS), 2013–2017 for the Kyrgyz Republic aligned with country priorities and set the main objective as poverty reduction through inclusive economic growth. ADB’s program comprised loans, grants, and technical assistance (TA), approved, completed and ongoing, during 2013–2017, amounted to $1.1 billion. By sector, transport accounted for 37% of financing; energy comprised 29%, water and other urban infrastructure services, 15% education 8%, public-sector management 7%, and finance 5%.
This report assessed the CPS, 2013–2017 successful, concurring with the final review’s assessment. Outputs and outcomes under various projects were mostly achieved and likely contributed to the development outcomes of reduced poverty, inclusive growth, and improved private sector business environment. The CPS implementation efficiency, however, was affected by delays in project start-up and procurement. The sustainability of the program was reduced by tariff settings that remained significantly below the intended cost recovery levels and underfunded operations and maintenance works for infrastructure assets created.
The validation makes three recommendations for ADB’s future support to the Kyrgyz Republic: (i) increase focus on sustainability issues in the CPS and explore the need for sector reforms, (ii) continue to support investment climate reforms linked with an expanding portfolio of private sector investments and public–private partnerships, and (iii) use ADB’s expertise in regional cooperation to help strengthen the Kyrgyz Republic’s capacity to make best use of its external opportunities.
Note on IED's Country Evaluations and Validations
Using its 2015 Guidelines for the Preparation of Country Assistance Program Evaluations and Country Partnership Strategy Final Review Validations, the Independent Evaluation Department (IED) intends to provide an objective and informed judgement of the performance and results of country partnership strategies (CPSs), particularly in terms of their relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, sustainability and development impacts.
In ascertaining relevance, IED considers not only the alignment of the program with country needs and government objectives, but also cross-sector CPS objectives, appropriateness of modalities and sector program designs, and sufficiency of donor coordination.
The effectiveness of a country program in delivering results is also an important aspect of an IED evaluation. Primary focus is on the achievement of the outcomes and outputs of ADB interventions (and the likelihood of achievement if the program is still ongoing), as worded in CPSs and their results frameworks. These include knowledge products and institutional development efforts.
Performance and results are likewise judged from an efficiency perspective, that is, whether the program was delivered in a cost-effective and timely manner, and generated value for money. It also considers the capacity of executing agencies that may contribute to start up and implementation delays, and cost overruns.
Another critical element of IED's evaluation is the likely sustainability of results over the medium term, technically, financially, environmentally, socially, politically, and institutionally. Further, IED looks at how results led to development impacts. Specifically, whether ADB contributed to achieving the CPS objectives, directly through its sector programs and implementing cross-cutting agenda(s) across various modalities in different sectors and by various development partners.
IED gives special importance to cross-cutting objectives by considering how the cross-sectoral and thematic objectives of the CPS are articulated in the results framework and provided with appropriate indicators and targets; and how the program achieved the cross-sector thematic results. Equal weights are given to the achievement of sector and cross-cutting objectives in the relevance and development impact assessments, in both country assistance program evaluations (CAPEs) and CPS final review validations (CPSFRVs). This aligns with ADB's increasing emphasis on achieving corporate strategic priorities.
In preparing its country evaluations and validations, IED conducts document reviews, consults with concerned departments, staff, governments and other stakeholders, and undertakes evaluation missions. IED has put in place a quality assurance system to ensure consistent application of its 2015 guidelines. In CPSFRVs, IED's primary focus is to validate the evidence presented in the CPS Final Review.