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Raising Development Impact through Evaluation

Lessons from Country Partnership Evaluation: A Retrospective

Evaluation Document | 6 November 2017

This paper identifies key lessons to help ADB improve the implementation and effectiveness of its country programs and to increase understanding of the role of country partnership strategy in ensuring development effectiveness.

The country partnership strategy (CPS) is an important instrument for planning country operations supported by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and for monitoring and evaluating their performance. A CPS is prepared for each ADB developing member country, except for many of the Pacific island countries. It ensures that ADB’s investments and knowledge products address key development challenges; are aligned with governments’ medium-term plans; complement other development partner efforts; and make best use of limited resources.

CPSs provide a valuable framework for ADB to articulate its strategic development objectives such as inclusive economic growth in different country contexts, including fragile states, and to identify critical knowledge solutions to emerging challenges in the region. Given the significant role that the CPS plays in adding value to ADB’s financial support to client countries, it is important to ensure that reforms intended to simplify CPS processes do not weaken the deep understanding that is required for CPS formulation, implementation, and development effectiveness.