Macroeconomic Update: Nepal (April 2019)

Institutional Document | April 2019

Nepal’s economy is anticipated to grow at 6.2% in fiscal year (FY) 2019 and 6.3% in FY2020. Inflation is projected to rise to 4.4% in FY2019 from 4.2% in FY2018.

This edition of Macroeconomic Update’s Issue Focus sheds light on the current state and prospects of Nepal’s services trade and suggests sector-specific policy recommendations. Landlocked-ness and mountainous terrain have historically impeded the promotion of merchandise trade in Nepal. Lack of competitiveness has further held back merchandise exports. Consequently, Nepal’s merchandise trade deficit as a share of GDP has substantially ballooned over the years. Growth in services export, on the other hand, has been better than the growth in merchandise export. The services sector accounted for 66.0% of total exports and 13.0% of total imports in FY2018, indicating its growing importance in external trade. But because of infrastructural, institutional, legal and procedural barriers, the services trade in Nepal has yet to achieve its full potential.


  • Executive Summary
  • Macroeconomic Update
    • Economic performance in FY2018
    • Economic prospects in FY2019 and FY2020
  • Issue Focus: Prospects of trade in services in Nepal
    • Introduction and objective
    • Shift towards services sector
    • Nepal’s readiness for services sector liberalization
    • Nepal’s potential in trade in services
    • Travel and tourism related services
    • Transport services
    • Communication services
    • Way forward
  • Appendixes

Additional Details

  • Economics
  • Industry and trade
  • Nepal
  • 34
  • 8.5 x 11

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