Tapping the Unreached: Nepal Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Projects─A Sustainable Model of Service Delivery | Asian Development Bank

Tapping the Unreached: Nepal Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Projects─A Sustainable Model of Service Delivery

Institutional Document | September 2017

This booklet highlights key features of successful delivery of water and sanitation services in small towns in Nepal, sector reforms, and lessons learned in designing water supply and sanitation projects.

In Nepal, small towns serve as important extensions to overpopulated large municipalities and capital cities. Meeting the demand for water supply and sanitation services in small towns is crucial to sustaining a balanced urbanization. This booklet presents how the Asian Development Bank (ADB), government, and local communities effectively work together to reach their goal of providing clean water for 24/7 and sanitation to more than 1.24 million people in 69 urban centers by 2021.

This booklet is accompanied by a short film produced by ADB, highlighting key outcomes achieved in Lekhnath, one of the towns under the Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Projects (available at https://www.adb.org/news/videos/clean-water-brings-hygiene-and-happiness...).

Contents 

  • Increasing Urbanization Drives Demand for Water and Sanitation Services
  • Managing Delivery of Water Supply and Sanitation Services: The Nepali Way
  • Bringing Water and Sanitation to Small Towns
  • Communities Define the Need, Drive Planning and Construction, and Operate the Services
  • Shared Ownership, Shared Costs: The Key to Success of the Small Towns Model
  • Small Systems but Still High Technology
  • Focus on Integrated Services and Sanitation Along with Piped Water
  • Water and Sanitation for the Poor through Output-Based Aid
  • Fecal Sludge Management
  • Partnerships for Improved Utility Management and Services
  • Lekhnath Water User and Sanitation Committee: An Overview
  • Getting the Financing and Governance Right
  • Creating and Training Leaders for Accountable and Responsive Governance
  • Empowering Women
  • Providing Outstanding Service
  • Strengthening Policies and Institutions to Deliver Sustainable Services
  • Future Challenges