People’s Republic of China: Ningxia Roads Development Project
During project preparation, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region was among the poorest inland provinces in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). In 2002, its per capita gross domestic product was CNY5,859—35% less than the national average. The poorest counties were located in the southern part of the province. Agriculture, the mainstay of the economy, was based on potato, watermelon, and mutton and employed about 60% of the labor force. The road network to transport these agricultural products to market was underdeveloped. Of the roads, 86% fell below class III (i.e., two-lane roads, mostly used for local connections) and with only 120 kilometers (km) of operational expressways—all in the northern region. In the south, there were no expressways or class I roads (i.e., multilane national and provincial highways). The S101—a class II highway (two-lane main roads) that carried 4,425 medium truck equivalents of traffic per day in 2001—was growing at an annual rate of 7% and was approaching full capacity. Roads needed improvement to improve access to markets and services and promote private investment that enhances prospects for economic development in the province.
This report validates the completion report’s assessment of the project. IED overall assessment: Successful.