People’s Republic of China: Sanjiang Plain Wetlands Protection Project

Evaluation Document | 23 September 2014

Validates the completion report’s assessment of the project, which aimed to protect the natural resources of the Sanjiang Plain wetlands and their watersheds (biodiversity, water, and forests) from continued threats, promote their sustainable use through the integrated conservation and development of selected wetlands and forest areas of the Sanjiang Plain, and improve the well-being of local communities. IED overall assessment: Successful.

The Sanjiang Plain in Heilongjiang Province is one of the biologically rich areas in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). The plain comprises tracts of wetlands and native forests that are biologically diverse. It supports some 37 ecosystems, 1,000 species of plants, and 528 species of vertebrate fauna, including 23 of the globally threatened species on the World Conservation Union Red List.Ten of those threatened species are waterfowl, such as cranes, storks, and swans, which require extensive, undisturbed wetlands during their migration and breeding seasons. The wetlands' resources and biodiversity are under threat by human exploitation in an unsustainable manner, including hunting, egg collecting, and fishing. Therefore, there is a need to better protect the nature reserves within the plain.

Government policies and plans were aimed at halting and reversing environmental degradation of the area. The Heilongjiang Provincial Government (HPG) was looking to manage the watersheds and wetlands in an integrated and sustainable way. The project will adopt integrated watershed management in the Sanjiang Plain for wetlands and forest conservation, based on their potential to support ecologically sustainable economic development.

This report validates the completion report’s assessment of the project, which aimed to protect the natural resources of the Sanjiang Plain wetlands and their watersheds (biodiversity, water, and forests) from continued threats, promote their sustainable use through the integrated conservation and development of selected wetlands and forest areas of the Sanjiang Plain, and improve the well-being of local communities. IED overall assessment: Successful. 

Contents 

  • Project Basic Data
  • Project Description
  • Evaluation of Performance and Ratings
  • Other Performance Assessments
  • Overall Assessment, Lessons, and Recommendations
  • Other Considerations and Follow-up