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People’s Republic of China: Xinjiang Urban Transport and Environmental Improvement Project

Evaluation Document | 27 December 2019

The Xinjiang Urban Transport and Environmental Improvement Project was designed to support sustainable socioeconomic growth and improved living standards in five cities of Xinjiang Province in the People’s Republic of China. The primary outcome was improved urban road infrastructure, traffic management, and environmental sanitation in the cities of Altay, Changji, Hami, Kuytun, and Turpan. Overall, the evaluation rates the project successful. It is considered less than relevant, effective, efficient, and likely to be sustainable. The preliminary assessment of impact is satisfactory as is the performance of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and that of the borrower and executing agency. 

The evaluation proposes three recommendations: (i) ADB should continue to place priority on addressing sustainability in project investments through support for complimentary activities associated with transport planning, traffic management, and maintenance activities to address the long-term transport and land use issues; (ii) ADB should ensure that training components are properly developed to deliver their intended outcomes; and (iii) ADB should consider including capacity enhancement
components in project design that support traffic-counting program at the city level to better monitor and record how project facilities are being utilized.