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Raising Development Impact through Evaluation

Pakistan: Sindh Devolved Social Services Programs

Evaluation Document | 4 August 2012

Assesses the performance of ADB loans to the devolved social services program in Pakistan's Sindh provinces, including contributing factors and how the devolved social services delivery in Sindh has changed.

Despite its economic performance, social indicators of Sindh province in Pakistan remained low. Governance, capacity, and financing problems were identified as key constraints to effective social service delivery. The Sindh Local Government Ordinance rolled out an elaborate three-tier system of local governments and devolved social sectors - health and education, among others - to district governments.

In support of the program, ADB provided a program loan of $110 million from ADB's ordinary capital resources and another program loan of $100 million from ADB's Asian Development Fund (ADF). Furthermore, a technical assistance (TA) loan of $10 million from the ADF resources was provided to support the program.

Overall, the program performance is rated unsuccessful. The evaluation report questioned the suitability of program lending for reforms focused on capacity building and found the program's time frame too narrow to achieve the intended outcomes. The study also noted that the program did not conduct adequate risk, institutional, and political assessments, nor was it evident that stakeholder ownership was confirmed. As such, ADB had to respond midstream when provincial and local government actors began to lose interest in the context of larger political dynamics.

When program results are endangered by a drastically changing environment midstream in the implementation, the study recommends that program managers must be able to shift gears and find some adaptation measures that will maximize outcomes. ADB should ensure its modalities are flexible enough to respond to these circumstances.


  • Basic Data
  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Design and Implementation
  • Performance Assessment
  • Other Assessments
  • Issues, Lessons, and Follow-up Actions
  • Appendixes